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Full text of "History of the services of the Third Battery, Wisconsin Light Artillery in the Civil War of the United States, 1861-65"

HISTORY OF THE SERVICES OF THE 3D BATTERY WISC LIGHT 
ARTILLERY IN THE CIVIL WAR OF THE U. S. 1861-65 



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Services o/ the 



V TKird Battery V 

.J^i^QaOMOiJSht Artillery 




In the Civil War of the 
United States. 186J-65, 



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DEDICATORY 

This book is reverently and affectionately 
dedicated to the Memory of our dead and 
living Comrades, and to ail patriotic rela- 
tives of the 3d Battery Wisconsin Light 
Artillerv. ^t'^t jt j& Jt «£ 



PREFACE 

This book is not expected to cover all the service of the 
Battery, many facts at this date are lost which will detract 
from its comprehensiveness. 

We still have a mass of information in connection with 
the Battery which for sufficient reasons we cannot at present 
use. 

It is of a reminiscent character and very interesting and 
should be preserved in book form; likewise there i-hould be 
added several other illustrations, notably one of the Tablet 
placed upon the ground of our last battle and destruction. 

1 will most gratefully thank in the name of the Associa- 
tion, those who have responded so freely and generously to 
the requestfor information. 

Among the contributors of incidents and essential memo- 
randa I will mention the names of Esau Beaumont, E. D. 
Case, Wm. Plackett, Harlan S. Howard, B. M. Kanouse, Alt. 
Loimsbury, Ed. Harroune, Lew D. Williams, E. G. Jackson, 
Ansel Hayes, Maj. W. J. Colburn, Ira E. Smith and others. 

H. H. G. BRADT, 

Secretarv. 



* HISTORY OF THE BATTERY 

On the morning after the bombardment of Ft. 
Smnpter, Lit. H. Drury, an attache of the Madison, 
Wis., Argus, appealed upon the streets accompanied 
by a lifer and drummer, who made the air resound 
to patriotic music. A large crowd assembled, which 
was addressed by Drury and others so effectively that 
s*eores of citizen*? signified their desire to enroll them- 
selves i!i the defense of : he integrity of our Union. 

Drury immediately offered his services to thegov- 
• •rnor and steps were taken to give him a command. 
H«' desired artillery service, hilt the U. S. government 
was very loth through Gen. YV. S. Scott's advice to 
employ artillery. Repeated offers were made by the 
governor of artillery, but were uniformly declined, 
apparently thinking the rebels were bluffing and could 
lie suppressed by infantry. 

Matters soon assumed a more serious phase ami 
Instructions were sent to Gov. A. Randall to recruit 
f<>r five li-ht batteries. This dispatch was received 



6 

the 19th of August, '61. Capt. Drury on the 20th com- 
menced recruiting under government orders on the 
date of his enlistment. The orders from Washington 
were to send all recruits for the 3d. 4th and 3th bat- 
teries to Washington to be organized there, but later 
a change was made and the 3d was organized at 
Berlin and mustered into the U. S. service October 
10th, 18H1, with the following officers: 

Captain — Lu. H. Drury. 

First Lieutenant — Cortland Livingston. 

Jim. First Lieutenant— James T. Purdy. 

Second Lieutenant — Albert LeBrun. 

Ju-n. Second Lieutenant — Hiram F. Hubbard. 

Surgeon — Henry W. Cansdell. 

During the month of November thecannon. equip- 
ments and the men's uniforms came; then followed 
standing gun drill and field evolutions on the prairie 
west, with target practice there and on the ice of 
Lake Michigan. This business continued during the 
last three months of 1861, the men becoming very pro- 
ficient in their duties and made a fine appearance in 
uniform. The cold was intense at times outside of 
the Sibley tents and the boys would say that the 
winter was a counterpart of what their forefathers 
endured at Valley Forge. 

An experienced German artillerist, Fritz Anneke, 
was appointed colonel of the 1st Uegt. Wis. Lijjht 
Artillery. John Hnlborn instructed the members of 
the battery in sword exercise in which they were soon 
adepts. The alacrity of the men in handling the guns 
Is evinced when we state that they would dismount 
and mount their pieces in 1 minute and 30 seconds. 



' 



On the 5th of November many of the men received 
furloughs. At this time the ladies of Waukesha pre- 
sented the battery with sixty blankets, which with 
stoves used at the men's expense rendered their quar- 
ters quite comfortable. On the 29th of November the 
ladies of Racine furnished the boys a fine Thanksgiving 
dinner of roast turkey, etc. 

The entire artillery force at this time had the mis- 
fortune to lose Col. Anneke, he having been given com- 
Mnand of the artillery of the state of Indiana. At this 
time the boys were restricted to five passes a day to 
the buttery, which was located near Racine at Camp 
I'tley. On Nov. 23d, '61, there was received at this 
camp what was called two complete batteries con- 
sisting of two six-pounder smooth bore guns, two 
rilled six-pounders and two twelve-pound howitzers, 
all bronze, withextracaissons, forges, battery wagons, 
wheels and harness, for each battery and about 
two and a half thousand rounds of solid shot, spheri- 
eai case cannister. and six and twelve-pounder shells 
fur target practice. This could not be doneevery day 
as the winter had come on in earnest, the mercury fell 
to 22° below and the winds were so terrible from the 
lake on one side and prairie on the other that the cold 
pierced to the marrow, but still the drilling progressed 
until the boys were assured they were competent to 
meet the enemy. Rumors would frequently reach the 
camp that the boys would soon leave for every city 
almost on the Hue of the existing eoniiict, and to the 
credit of the members of the battery everyone was 
eager for departure, and in January, '62, the order 
to move was received. The battery was full, all duly 



organized into sections and platoons, and on Thurs- 
day, January 2&, 18*82, with high, hopes the Badger 
Battery left the state for Louisville. Ky., where they 
arrived the following Saturday evening and were 
quartered in a tobacco warehouse for the night. The 
journey was made without mishaps of any kind, and 
but one noteworthy incident occurred, which happened 
at Bloomington, Indiana, where the patriotic, whole- 
souled people of that place fairly took the train upon 
which the boys were riding, by storm, overwhelming 
them with kind and cheering words, pies, cakes, 
coffee, etc. It was a bright spot which still lingers in 
the memories of the boys of '61. 

The next day (Sunday) the battery went into 
camp on the "Fair Grounds" about three miles out of 
the city, and on the line of the Lexington & Frankfort 
railroad. This was named "Camp Irvine." There 
the battery remained fora considerable length of time, 
having to be furnished with horses, mules, wagons 
and other necessary equipments for service, and also 
to take lessons in mounted field drill and maneuvers, 
not having had the opportunity to do this before, for 
the reason that they were not furnished horses, etc., 
until their -arrival at Louisville, and having onlv the 
guns (six of them) had up to this time been drilled 
in standing gun drill only. 

During encampment here the battery had the 
pleasure of firing* salutes in honor of victories Of the 
boys in blue at Mill Spring. Kentucky, and Forts 
Henry ami Donaldson, Tennessee, ami also the privi- 
lege and pleasure of going; by invitation to the 
"Dorsey plantation," about six miles from camp, to 



r 



9 

upend the day in artillery drill and field maneuvers 
and target practice, and partake of a bountiful dinner 
provided bv the liberal hosts. Messrs. Dorsevand sons, 
winding up with a rattling salute to their hosts. 
Soon after the incident above alluded to. quite a sen- 
sation, which at one time threatened serious results, 
was made in the battery by receipt of an order from 
artillery headquarters ordering the turning over of 
the light artillery equipment, the battery brought 
with them from Wisconsin, ami to draw a battery of 
four tbirty-two-pouuder "Dahigreen" guns. The 
fet -Mmr ran so hiu.h among the men that it proved to 
1m' almost a critical point in the history of the battery; 
but good feelimr was eventually restored and serious 
results happily averted by the promise of having any 
wrong or injustice done the company righted as 
sjieedily as possible, which promise was kept, for 
Home time Inter on when the battery arrived at Nash- 
ville, Tennessee, the four "Dahlgreeii" guns were by 
order of General D. 0. Buel (at that time commander 
of the department of the Ohio) turned over to the 
ordnance department and two bronze or large twelve- 
pouuder howitzers and four ten-pounder rihVd 
"Parrot" guns, supplied in their place and the battery 
• Mice more took its rightful place in the service, and its 
own name of the "Third Wisconsin Light Artillery." 
Shortly after the battle and capture of Fort 
Donaldson the battery was ordered to Nashville, 
Tennessee. The trip was made by water down the 
Ohio and up the Cumberland rivers on the steamboat 
•b W. Hindninu. and was uneventful to any but the 
relic hunters who loaded up with fragments of shells, 



10 

stands of grape shot, etc., they picked up on the bat- 
tlefield of Fort Donaldson when the boat stopped 
there a few hours; these relics were most of them soon 
thrown away. 

The stay at Nashville was of short duration, when 
the march towards Savannah, Tennessee, was com- 
menced. On reaching Columbia, situated on Duck 
river, a halt of three days was made, ostensibly to 
repair bridges, etc., which in the ini mediate vicinity of 
the battery were not repaired, and after waiting on 
the bank 01 the river near by a partially burned 
bridge the length of time alluded to, the crossing was 
made by taking off the horses and running the guns 
carefully over the bridge by hand, the horses being 
taken across the river at n fording place at another 
point on river. Nothing occurred to make this inarch 
eventful until Sunday morning, tile 6th of April, on 
nearing Savannah it becalme evident that a battle 
was in progress somewhere ahead, and the battery 
being at that rime in what was called a brigade of 
reserve artillery under command of Gen. Barnett, had 
to take the side of the road to allow the infantry to 
go forward as fast as possible. 

Such was the state of the roads by reason of the 
heavy rain following the battle of Pittsburg Landing 
and the passage t.f heavily ladened wagons, etc., that 
before the battery arrived at Savannah (which was 
not tor several days after the battle) they hail to 
build many miles of corduroy road in order to make 
any advance at all. After a short tarry at Savannah 
the battery wrent up the river to Pittsburg Landing, 
vamping on tin- ImttlHield for some time, then ad- 



r 



11 

vaneing with the army and taking part in the siege 
and capture of Corinth, Miss. — and here the battery 
met with great loss of men by reason of the swampy 
nature of the country breeding fevers and other fatal 
diseases. 

After the evacuation of Corinth by the rebels, the 
Immense army congregated for the subjection of the 
place, was scattered in various directions, the part of 
tin* army the battery was attached to going by way 
oMuka, Tuseumbia, Florence. Athens and Huntsville, 
where a short tarry was made, to Battle Creek, Tenn., 
which is about twenty-five miles below Chattanooga. 
«>n the Tennessee river. 

Nothing of a very warlike nature occurred 
during this march, which was for reasons best 
known to the commanding general, D. C. Buel. con- 
ducted in a very strange if not novel manner, viz: by 
having the troops all routed out at one o'clock in the 
morning and being prepared to begin their march for 
the day at three o'clock and ending the same at any 
time ranging from eight to ten o'clock in the forenoon. 
Tiiis manner of conducting the march really proved 
disastrous to the health of the men, as records fully 
show, and in the light of the experience of the writer 
of this sketch during the Atlanta campaign, which 
was conducted mostly on the day marching, it was 
an experiment on the part of thegeneral commanding. 

It was just before reaching Battle Creek that Gfen. 
Mc'ookwas assasinated by bushwhackers, and the 
members of the bactery will remember seeing seven of 
the bushwhacking fraternity hanging by the necks to 
some trees near where the battery camped for the 



12 

night. It sterner] to be necessary to use very harsh 
methods towards this class of men. 

Arrived at Battle Creek camping ground on or 
about the loth of July, 1862; remained there doing: 
camp duty, (frilling, etc., and subject to occasional 
alarms of an expected advance of the rebels, until 
about the 30th of August, when they were ordered to 
evacuate the place — and did so by moving out very 
quietly in t lie early hours of the evening, going the first 
night up river in tin 1 direction of Chattanooga, to and 
beyond the village of Jasper, forming a battle line 
when reaching the place selected, and remaining there 
until nearly evening of the following day, when the 
march was resumed back in the direction whence they 
had come the night before; but soon after passing 
Jasper a turn was made up the Sequatchie valley and 
over the Cumberland mountains towards Winchester, 
where a junction was formed with the main army. 

The march continued right along in a rather irreg- 
ular fashion, partly by day and parti v by night, and 
some of the time a good deal of both, through Win- 
chester, Tullahoma, Murfreesboro and Nashville, 
where a brief halt was made, and on towards Louis- 
ville, Ky. As by this time nearly all in General Duel's 
army knew it was a race between the rebel army 
under Gen. Bragg and the union army under Gen. 
Buef, which should reach Louisville tirst, the men 
accepted the Kit nation i with its privations and dis- 
comforts, not tin* lea*t of which was a great scarcity 
(»f provisions) with the proper spirit and were eager 
to meet the enemy, and while still more than one 
hundred miles from Louisvilie had a seveie brush 



13 

with a portion of the rebel army. The march was a 
very wearisome and trying one. as part of the way 
the enemy had gone over the road a short time 
before and destroyed xery much stuff, and such was 
the uncertainty of time of rest that frequently the 
horses were not unharnessed for many daj T s at a 
time, and the men took cat-naps as occasion offered. 
It iM'irig fruit season helped the men out in the matter 
o^ short rations ami with an occasional shoat, steer 
or sheep, or mayhap a fat goose, they did not fare as 
bail as they did later on at Chattanooga. 

Although some sharp skirmishing; was had with 
the enemy, no general engagement took place, and 
L<»uisvil!e was finally reached about the 2.*>th of Sep- 
tember, the battery 2,ettinu,' to the city in the night 
and camping until morning in the street. Mere while 
the battery was encamped in the street the first 
recruits, who had been waiting several days in the 
city, joined it, some 24 in number. Later on in the 
day the battery went on through the city and camped 
Just outside on the ibmlstown pike. 

At the reorganization of the army at Louisville 
the.'M battery was attached to Hen. H. P. VanCleve's 
division of Crittenden's corps. Only a few days' tarry 
was made here to give the boys an opportunity to 
draw wry much needed supplies of clothingand other 
necessaries, when the march was commenced in the 
direction of Bragg's army, and the enemy were, soon 
encountered, When the battery had an opportunity of 
exchanging shots with a rebel battery, when they 
I the rebels) drew bnck towards the main army. 
VVheft near the village of Perrvvilie itseemed that a 



14 

general engagement would certainly occur; but for 
some unexplained reason that portion of the army 
(Crittenden's corps) the battery was attached to, 
although in plain sight and hearing of the battle 
going- on, and drawn up in line in readiness to move 
at a moment's notice, was compelled to remain idle 
and see and hear without taking any active part in 
the struggle, which was very much, against the grain 
of the boys. Night put an end to the tight and the 
next day was spent in searching for the enemy and 
skirmishing with some of the remnants of Bragg's 
army. 

A few days subsequent to the battle of Perryville, 
the. battery being in the advance that day, struck 
the rear guard of Gen. Bragg's army at Crab Orchard, 
Ky., just after sunrise and put in some good time, 
engaging the rebel battery every time they made a 
stand and successfully driving him from eleven of his 
own well-chosen positions and a distance of over 
twenty miles to and beyond Mt. Vernon. Night and 
darkness put an end to this most appropriately 
named running artillery duel. In a short time the 
battery resumed its march, going by way of Glasgow 
— where a short tarry was made — toNashville, Tenn., 
where it remained in camp near the insane asylum 
until the 26th of December, '62. Some days previous 
to leaving this Gamp the center section of two mm 
platoons received orders to accompany our infantry 
brigade toward Laurel Hill, where all went into camp 
to be suddenly aroused the next morning by the sharp 
blast of a horn and the advance of a troop of rebel 
cavalry under a Captain White. Fortunatelv theSth 



15 

Kentucky infantry had joined lis in the night un- 
known to the rebels who charging upon their front 
revived an unexpected volley. One lad of 14 years 
named Johnny Clem, placed a rifle upon a rail fence 
and pierced the captain in a vital part, causing much 
confusion to the advancing foes. Our guns were put 
into action immediately, succeeding in completely de- 
moralizing the force with a few shots. 

On the 2.">th of December they received orders to 
!k» ready to move next morning. On the 26tfa we ad- 
vanced slowly on the main pike towards Murfreesboro. 
The enemy was immediately encountered under Gen. 
Rrtfjtt;, who made a stubborn resistanceand the fight- 
ing continued over a front of several miles, our forces 
'•instantly pressing the rebels south. Very soon after 
«»ur advance the rain began to fall. The outpour of 
shot and shell and the downpour of rain were incessant. 
U»'aching a point two miles north of Murfreesboro we 
found the rebels in force. We being of the left of Crit- 
tenden's corps were ordered to guard a ford of Stone 
River on the extreme left: while here we could observe 

the tiirhtimr on several occasions on or near the 
I 

army s center. On the Mist at daylight we took our 

positions at the ford and repelled with a few shots an 

advance of rebel cavalry upon a hospital and some 

baggage wagons around it. Here was a graveyard 

containing Revolutionary soldiers- graves. Henry S. 

{'tU-y wa>. wounded here, shot in the thigh by a 

»«*i»el sharpshooter — the first man of the battery 

wounded in .action. 

On New Year's day. lSr>:i, we vvereordered over the 

river and exchangeda few shots with rebel ski mashers 



16 

only answered by musketry, we with the brigade re- 
erossing the ford at night. The river here was in the 
form of a letter "S" in our rear and right. Next day 
on the 2d of January, we crossed the river early, our 
battery with seven regiments under Col. Beatty of 
the 19th Ohio. The line of battle which soon developed, 
was in the form of a crescent for a time, wings on the 
river; our forces hugged the ground for a time to es- 
cape the shot and shell that all the morning was 
poured into us from three sides. L. J. Uline was here 
wounded in our front position and several horses were 
hit. At two o'clock Gen. Rosencrans and Father 
Coney rode in front of the line and discovered the 
rebels crawling up and forming in the woods near our 
front. He ordered our battery to move forward. 
We had just got into position when a roll of musketry 
told us our time had come. The general informed us 
they would be on us in lifteeii minutes; in less time 
they came down in three lines charging and firing, 
30,000 strong, under Breekenridge and Cuprttenl. They 
emerged from lite timber on a run. followed by their 
artillery, who, getting into position, soon were mak- 
ing tilings lively for us. and to stop them with our 
small command was like stopping the How of the 
Mississippi river with bull rushes. As an indication 
of the desperate charge on us we will state that one 
of our infantry supports (the 35th Indiana, a gallant 
Irish regiment) stood at mir right until we, under 
orders fmm Gen, Etosenerans fell back, but they did 
not and nut of the SOU men they took into the fight 
they returned with only l'J"> We crossed the river. 
Which now was much swollen, with difficulty, with 



17 

loss of several horses and two men wounded, viz.: 
Se rgt. Hollenbeck and Daniel Robin. We met on the 
river bank Gen. Negley's troops coming gallantly to 
<»ur rescue. Gen Ilosenerans massed 64 cannon on 
the bank to meet the oncoming flood and there oc- 
curred the total defeat of the enemy. Men never 
could have done more than was done there, every 
man seemed to put forth almost superhuman efforts 
to check the rebel host, which they did and most dis- 
astrously it proved to the rebels, as Gen. Breeken- 
rldge in ins report to Gen. Bragg stated he lost in 40 
minutes 1000 men. The courage of the rebels may be 
Imagined when we state that the shell and cannister 
from our buttery were seen to pierce the advancing 
columns through and through as our gunners would 
take sight for the.eolors in the center of each eom- 
mami. When they broke and fled the infantry com- 
mands crossed the river, viz.: Negley's and Davis* 
divisions, who drove them into their trenches to wards 
Murfreesboro. The artillery kept up a desultory 
fire until after dark, then our battery crossed the 
river for the last time and took up a position in the 
darkness near where we were at first. We were ad- 
vanced over dead and wounded to this position. The 
night was a hard one as it rained incessantly, and the 
piteous cries of the wounded was heartrending. 
Those who could speak would say that it really 
rairifd 'cannon-halls, and from the pile of dead no one 
rmilil doubt it. All that night it rained and the mud 
w as deep. We had nothing to eat. On the 1st we 
had half a cracker, on the I'd a little more and our eom- 
miserar failed. However, Gen. Davis gave us each 



IS 

one and a half crackers from his short supply to help 
us out. During the night we were reinforced by the 
7th Pennsylvania battery and we fell back to the rear 
to feed our famished men and horses. From the time 
the rebels were repulsed our pioneers began throwing 
up intrenchments No farther engagement occurred 
until after dark Sunday night, when a furious on- 
slaughter was made upon the center lasting two hours 
and a half, resulting in driving the enemy from rifle 
pits. Sunday morning Muifreesboro was evacuated 
and we took possession. Our loss is mentioned above. 
We fired 358 rounds of ammunition during the battle, 
and to the great credit of our command, who for the 
first time engaged in a pitched battle, they acquitted 
themselves most commendable, performing the many 
arduous duties assigned them and never flinching. 

After we were settled in camp on the Lebanon 
pike in the suburbs of Murfreesboro, we received an 
order from headquarters that each platoon should 
elect one man to be of the •'Roll of Honor." an organ- 
ization to be formed of those that had particularly 
signalize)) themselves in the late battle. It was a 
very difficult choice, for <illhad done their best, but we 
complied and elected the six men: but it went no 
further, the secretary of war refused to take cogni- 
zance of the proposition and likewise refused to grant 
the medals asked for. We have the list of names and 
as many of our Association think it might give dis- 
tinction of an invidious character we omit them, i Re- 
garding this campaign, and the previous march to 
Louisville, many interesting matters occurred, such 
as the publication of the I'.ndger Bulletin at lukn. by 



13 

printers of the battery, ot which there were 24; in fact 
we have much other matter which will be found 
further on.) 

Early in January, '63* Capt. Drury was appointed 
chief of artillery on Gen. VanOleve's staff. 

While Ave remained in camp at Murfreeshoro we 
had plenty of standing gun drills, and field drills and 
squadron evolutions, along with the numerous 
batteries of the army. 

Occasionally a sectiou was sent to guard some 
fords or other needed points, sometimes accompany- 
ing a foraging party, which we all delighted in. Many 
details were made here to aid in erecting the formidable 
fortifications., termed Fortress Rosencrans. Thus we 
passed our days until the 5th of .July, 'H->, when we 
took t:p our line of march for McMinnville, a weak 
point on our extreme left. We remember very dis- 
tinctly what an extremely hot day it was; many an 
infantryman was sunstruck, and regardless of future 
needs overcoats, blankets ami knapsacks even were 
dropped on the road as too mucii of a burden to 
carry. We camped at Woodbury at night; at four 
o'clock on the fit h reveille sounded and we were 
hustled along so rapidly that we reached McMinnville 
ar s a. ni% After a short halt here we proceeded to go 
Into camp on a high ridge, a little outside of town on 
the bank of Barren Fork of Collins river, which almost 
'•n< iivl</s the village and washes the base of Den 
Lomond mountain, named after the famous Loch 
Lomond of Scotland. Bell Lomond is a grand ami 
Impressive figure, and towers 1,500 feet above the 
level of Barron Fork. We had a tine, healthy camp, 



20 

but our supply of army rations were scant, and 
peaches were used in abundance with purslane to eke 
out our diet. While here we aided in picketing the 
roads, keeping open communications with the main 
body of the army, and assisted the infantry in stra- 
getic points by sections. Guerrillas were many and 
troublesome in the adjacent ranges' of mountains and 
scouts were detailed to pursue and destroy them. 
Capt. Drury was appointed chief of scouts, and from 
time to time many of our boys would join the infantry. 
men in scouring the valleys and mountains infested 
by them. It was a sanguinary warfare and both 
sides would kill at sight on what was equivalent 
report on their return from their forays that their 
prisoners had escaped. In one expedition by mistake 
they shot one of the bravest and most loyal citizens 
in that region. He supposed they were Morgan's 
guerillas in federal uniform and our boys were sure he 
was a rebel. The poor fellow was killed by the first 
union soldier he ever saw. In this camp we occas- 
ionally saw Gen. Rosenernns on inspection business. 
always pleasant in his bearing he was ever welcome. 
After many early morning calls into line, we on 
the 2d of September, l<t>>, left our pleasant McMinn- 
ville camp, on our onward march over the historic 
Cumberland mountains, little thinking that it would 
terminate so disastrously to us and to bur entire 
command. We marched up the valley eleven miles 
ami back under a blazing hot sun, camping at the 
foot of the mountain at Collins river. The 4th we 
commenced the ascent of lien Lomond at 6 n. m.;at 
12 we arrived at its summit by great zigzngging. n 



r 



21 

distance of only two and a half miles through 
alternately deep sand and great boulders, on a new 
truck recently opened by our pioneer corps. Ahead 
of us was the 35th Indiana, the boys that stood so 
steadfast in our support at Stone River. They cheer 
us on sight. We return the compliment, and they 
yell, •• we fire Rosencrans' scalawags" — a name given 
them by the editor of The Murfreesboro Rebel. This 
mountain was so difficult to surmount that an entire 
platoon of men and six horses were required to bring 
up a piece, and to enliven the effort a band would 
play *'l'.ruiy Crossing the Alps." We found red cedar 
in abundance, likewise gooseberries; saw no black- 
berries as in the valley, found peaches in a wild state, 
even growing on the overhanging crags. The vege- 
tation and foliage generally was much different and 
more attractive, and the atmosphere was tine. Occas- 
ionally we would pass on all the eminences of these 
chains of mountains a cabin built of logs, containing 
to us a simple, honest, but outlandish looking people, 
v\ ho ^-reefed us in a friendly way. At more accessible 
points we found deserted homes which had been 
riided by rebel guerillas, the loyal inhabitants having 
bee<*me "refugees." Of this class some 1100 came into 
•air ramp at McMinnviile foi protection, very poor 
and destitute they were; many of the males joined our 
f<»nvs. the unfortunate women and children we left to 
the tender mercies of the none too loyal populace of 
mixed hues. As far as possible the motley mass was 
k'-'i't in existence by the bounty of our government. 
The illiteracy of the 1100 refugees was startling, as in 
liielr declaration of allegience, St JO made a cross to 



22 

their name. Our rations were eked out by some 
foraging for vegetables and animal food. To add 
sweetness and spirit to this march, occasionally some 
honey flavored by tobacco flowers won hi be passed 
around, and from the secret fastnesses would be 
drawn forth through the irrepressible researches of 
well known doughty souls, a supply of the tin recti tied 
apple-jack, one of the most villianous concoctions of 
man. During our progress, weof the 21st corps under 
Crittenden, occupied the mountain ranges of the left 
of the advance upon Gen. Bragg, who was holding 
Chattanooga; the 20th corps under MeCook and the 
14th corps under Thomas were occupying the ranges 
and valleys to our right, and as will be observed the 
corps of theunion'army were widely diverged, the two 
wings being forty miles apart, yet in three weeks' 
time, regardless of the many seemingly unsurmount- 
able barriers, without a serious disturbance of Gen. 
Rosencrans' plans, we became masters of the situa- 
tion. Our part took us through many little hamlets 
like Dunlap. Here we learned that apart of the ad- 
vance of our Corps had struck the camp of Bragg, in 
the stronghold of Chattanooga, which relinquishing, 
lie moved south. During these movements our but- 
tery enjoyed a little rest in one of their old camping 
grounds of the year before, viz.: Battle Creek, on the 
beautiful Tennessee, which we immediately crossed at 
Brid,ge#ort on pontoons. As soon as it was known 
to a certainty of the evacuation, ail of the infantry 
were put in motion to cross the Lookout range at 
three points, but not to debouch until known that 
Bragg was making a bonihde retreat. Before dav- 



23 

break on the 9th, finding' all things clear, we descended 
Into Chattanooga valley, over the the nose of the 
mighty Lookout, to which all ascended from Sequat- 
chie \ alley. From our point of observation innumer- 
iiliii' mountains of the most massive proportions, 
with many windings of the charming Tennessee were 
from time to time brought to our vision. Still higher 
up wore grander and more comprehensive views, 
namely: From the head of Lookout mountain itself, 
as it towers in its magniticence 2609 feet above the 
wa, where from itssummit can bediscerned an outline 
«>f seven states; the range of this mountain reaches 
ninety miles. Many things of historic interest is 
attached to this great npheavel of nature. De Soto 
and a band of Spaniards wintered in the range, 
now thought without a doubt to be Selma, Ala.; they 
making much trouble for the aborigines were severely 
1-unislu'd for their attrocities. We will here say that 
the Indian, was still there, and when we were in the 
Sequatchie valley, a bright Cherokee boy visited our 
ramp one evening, who seemed intelligent and was 
certainly the most prepossessing Indian we had ever 
seen of his age. 

Gen. Uosencrans established his headquarters in 
Chattanooga the lltti; after descending Lookout we 
passed to the right but did not enter the city. We 
camped in a field toward Uossville, the forces on 
renter and right having erossed through tower .gaps, 
were in our advance. We soon followed, passing 
throtl&h the Mission Kidge range, where in a few 
weeks was to occur (and on the mountains in the 
rear) Hie famous battlts, wherein the old army of the 



24 

Cumberland fought side by side with the army of the 
Tennessee and the < orps from the Potomac. Well on 
we pushed through the sweltering sun and clouds of 
dust on the road to Lafayette and Ring-old, the latter 
being the only place in our seventy miles march that 
our battery i*uns were used. Our position here was 
on a hill overlooking the place. We threw a few 
shells which caused a sudden scampering- of the force 
there. We passed through after a brief tarry, during 
which time the poor frightened creatures crawled out 
of their cellars, whither they had gone for safety. A 
little below this place we saw two men under a 
bridge, who proved to be deserters from Gen. Long- 
street's command from thePotomie, who wereenroute 
to reinforce Bragg: from more deserters it was ascer- 
tained that Gen. Buekner's army, that was confront- 
ing Burnside at Knoxvi'le and the men of Gen John- 
son that Gen, Grant had paroled at Yieksburg, were 
joining Bragg, whieh seemed indicative of deep laid 
plans to destroy us. 

We passed on to Lee and Gordon's Mills, and re- 
turned. We camped at the celebrated . Craw nsh 
Springs, where iee cold water — as clear as crystal- 
boils forth in a never-ending gush, forty-three feet in 
breadth by the writer's measurement. We camped 
in this pleasant place but a short time. Near by was 
a vineyard of eighty acres which was devastated by 
the contending force*, and the contents of a commo- 
dore's wine cellar on said plantation; soon went 
gurgling down the throats of friend and foe, seem- 
ingly demonstrating that in one respect a congenial 
and sympathetic chord is ever on thequivive between 



25 

ili«* puritan ai.d cavalier. 

On tlie 13th of September, we had our usual 
reveille at 2 n. ra. With a brigade of our division* we 
at daylight, attempted to reconnoitre the rebel's 
force*. We quickly found them on the Lafayette road 
three miles south of Lee and Gordon's Mills; Gen Polk 
had li'vn concentrating a heavy force here, but our di- 
vision commander anticipated his attack by the most 
vjjyi >rous bio W& Our battery here was led by Capt. 
Drury, and as he had done at Crab Orchard, Ky., 
charged ahead of our skirmish line and getting in a 
\<-ry advanced position, poured out our shells as 
rapidly as possible into the rebel ranks. The effect of 
this unexpected activity on the part of the brigade, 
dismiieerted Gen. Polk, and he withdrew three miles, 
under the impression of a large union advance. At 
this point Capt: Drury was picked off by a sharp- 
shooter, rendering him unlit for service for several 
months; we had one other casualty. Hasseil). Stevens 
hudaleg broken by being- run over by a gun, from 
v\ lifeli death ensued. 

On the 16th and 17th, McCook had connected 
his corps with the army; after great errors regarding 
r*>ads, crossed Lookout twice. The days of concen- 
tration had been a period of intense anxiety, unceas- 
ing vigilance, constant watchfulness, courage con- 
stant, and calculation of the finest order. Many un- 
r, 'M brilliant and courageous acts were performed. 
1'Ik' heads of the union army were now joined and we 
were once more ready for battle. 

Bragg's order to attack on the 1 S t h failed on ac- 
count of narrow roads, small bridges, difficult fords 



26 

and dense forests, so that at nightfall the rebels were 
not in position to attack, many of his troops being 
below Lee and Gordon's Mills. His advance was of 
five infantry and two cavalry corps, and he really was 
not ready to deliver battle, under his plan, on the 
morning of the 19th. 

On Friday morning (Sept, 18th) occasional shots 
of musketry, with now and then a little boom from a 
small howitzer, on our left and front, in the direction 
of ''Reed's " bridge, intimated to us that Gen. Wilder, 
who had command of the mounted troops in that 
direction, waa being attacked by the enemy, and as 
the sounds grew plainer, we knew he (Wilder) was 
being pressed back slowly, indicating that Bragg 
had changed his tactics and instead of retreating, as 
he had been doing, was now advancing to give us 
-battle or compel us to give up possession of Chatta- 
nooga. About the middle of the afternoon of the 
same day we were ordered to move to a position on 
the bank of the Chick amauga Creek, where we could, if 
necessary, support Gen. Wilder in his efforts to retard 
the advance of the enemy. We were really fighting 
for time and it was a serious question in the minds of 
those thinking <>f the really critical situation of the 
army of the Cumberland, not knowing that the scat- 
tered corps were concentrated, thinking Bragg could 
get his forcrs in such a position that lie might attack 
each corps separately and thus defeat the whole army 
in detail. However, subsequent events show that he 
did not do this. Gen. Wilder stubbornly contested 
the advance of the enemy until darkness put an end 
t<» the conflict f«»r that day, and our battery was not 



27 



railed upon to take active part in the affray for that 
ti*ne. During the night we were moved from our 
position to another one still farther to the left, and 
while occupying this position, the troops of Gen. 
Thomas' corps marched past in the rear of our line 
and formed a line on our extreme left connecting with 
hh, and in this position we awaited the coming of 
morning. 

Quite early in the morning (Saturday, the 19th) 
the rattle of musketry and booming©! cannons to the 
''it of our position, told us that the enemy were on 
flu* move and "feeling," and had found Gen. Thomas, 
and it was not long until the storm of war rolled 
down the line and we were all engaged in the work. 
Some of the time our troops would get a little the 
advantage and again losing it, and it did seem a part 
of tlijp time, as if we should compel the enemy to give 
up the conflict, but several times during the day we 
were compelled to change our positions, not always 
on account of the pressure of the enemy, for on 
account of the dry state of the woods they caught 
lire from burning cartridges, fuses, and in some parts 
of the field it was quite a conflagration, and was 
exceedingly dangerous to limber chests that had to 
1h? open during engagement, as a spark might blow 
up a lot of animation if it did no other damage. At 
onetime during the day we were ordered to assist a 
four-gun Minnesota battery in a peach orchard, 
which we did by ranging alongside of them, and pro- 
bably the ten guns rendered the situation of the 
enemy in our front quite an uncomfortable one, for 
they made tremendous efforts to dislodge us and 



28 

finally, notwithstanding the most heroic efforts of 
our infantry, Ave had to give Up our little peach 
orchard to the enemy. 

On the whole I feel justified in writing that we had 
successfully held our own through the day's strug- 
gle, and before the day was quite gone it became cer- 
tain that the next day's fight would be with Bragg's 
entire army and Gen. Long-street's corps in addition; 
during the afternoon said they had just come. Night 
ended the battle for the day, and during the night we 
moved a considerable distance farther to the left and 
were given to understand that Gen. McCook's corps 
had got near enough to our right flank to make a 
connection with our line. 

Our first position this morning (Sunday Sept. 20) 
was near what is called the ''Widow Glenn" house: 
we did not remain in this position very long how- 
ever, before we were ordered to a position, in a sort 
of opening, near a considerable body of small sap- 
lings or underbrush, where we came into line and 
threw quite a number of shells over into the woods 
in our front, eliciting some reply from the enemy's 
batteries, but nothing of a serious character took 
place. It appeared however to thegeneral command- 
ing our line that our position was too advanced t»r 
something else, so we were ordered rather more to 
the rear of this place and now we took what was our 
last position on this hotly contested battle field. 
which was in a large clearing with heavy woods in 
our rear, our front overlooking the place in the open- 
ings where we were stationed hefoiv coming to this 
position. 



29 

While we were making this movement and after 
we had taken our position, the infantry of our divi- 
*ion kept steadily moving to the left by an oblique 
march until there seemed to be no infantry at all in 
otir front, and subsequent events showed that in fact 
there was none there. Just after the infantry in our 
front had disappeared from our view, a battery of 
the enemy came dashing; gallantly out into the open- 
ing in our front, and endeavored to get into position, 
Kafc ere they could come into line and unlimbcr, our 
battery was trained on them so speedily and severely 
that part of the battery did not unliniber their guns, 
but rushed back to cover of the woods, and one gun 
J hat was unlimbered was left on the field, the limber 
going back without it. We continued tiring into the 
woods in the direction the battery had gone, and 
while we were doing this Gen. Crittenden rode up 
and ordered us to "cease firing" saying at the same 
lime we might hit some of our own men, as he was of 
the opinion that he had some infantry men in the 
woods in our front, but after our officers had related 
to him the affair we had just gone through with a 
battery of the enemy, lie gave us permission to fire 
again, at the same time cautioning us to use good 
judgment, and look out for bine coats. While we 
were engaged in this work the sputtering of mus- 
ketry, increasing to crashes and volleys, and the 
booming of cannons and bursting of shells to the 
left of us, told that Gen. Thomas was again engaged 
wit Si the enemy, and it soon rolled down the line in 
our direction until we were all busy at it. While still 
engaged in firing in our direct front, we were sudden- 



30 

ly assailed by a terrific musketry fire on our right 
flank from the direction of the "Widow Glenn" house, 
which was very disastrous to our battery, and killed 
and crippled so many men and horses, and it seemed 
that nothing short of a miracle could save the bat- 
tery, especially as the nature of the ground was such 
that no part of the battery could change front to 
meet this new danger, and when the bugle sounded 
"limber up and retire," I (Wm Plackett) mounted 
my horse, and as we whirled the limber to the gun 
trail for the cannoneers to limber up, I gave a rapid 
glance towards the right of the battery, and then saw 
how very destructive had been that terrible muske- 
try fire, — horses rearing and plunging seemingly try- 
ing to extricate themselves from their fallen mates, 
and men using herculean efforts to save their guns; 
'twas but a glance, as I had no time to linger. I also 
looked the other way, and saw that No. 6 was also 
limbering up, and in an incredibly short time came 
rushing past our horses' heads just as we had started, 
and with such a rush did they come, that our team 
was swung sharply to the left with such force that 
we got a lock on the gun trail that was hard to 
break, ami just at this critical moment my off horse 
got a couple of musket balls in his head, one high up 
near his ear, the other lower down, more properly on 
his nose, the blood streaming from both wounds free- 
ly. We tried hard to get the horses to swing off s<> as 
to break the lock and get straightened out. but as 
we had lost our swing driver, and had only the lead 
driver and myself left, it was too much for us: tin 1 
wounded horse would do nothing but rear up and 



31 

full down, and despite the efforts of the lieutenant 
commanding our section- who stuck right by us until 
he was satisfied it was a hopeless case, and the 
enemy fast coming- over the ground intervening 
between us and them, he then said ''boys you cannot 
Wet the gun off. you had better try now and save 
Yourselves, I cannot help you any more," saluted us 
with his saber and said "good bye boys" and gal- 
loped rapidly away. My lead driver (Joel Bates) and 
myself lost no time in trying to follow his, the lieuten- 
ant's, advice to save ourselves, and quickly dismount- 
ing struck out for the woods in our rear, paving no 
attention to the enemy's cries of halt yon Yan- 
kees-, halt! We did not propose to halt unless com- 
|*eUe«l to by being shot and disabled, so kept on until 
we reached a slight depression where the musket 
balh would go over our heads, and here we found 
part of our officers and quite a number of our men, 
*ome of whom were severely wounded. We stopped 
here a few minutes to get breath, as we had made 
pretty fast time; were told by our officers we had bet- 
ter find the road and get to Chattanooga if we could, 
-o went on in that direction soon coming to a long 
line of infantry men drawn tip across the road with 
orders to stop everybody, but after the colonel com- 
manding the line had made inquiries concerning our 
battery, told us to go on to Chattanooga and report 
,,M| ui' officers if we found them, and if not, then to 
report to (Jen. Rosencrans, who he said had just gone 
h> that direction, A few reached Chattanooga about 
four o'clock in the afternoon tired and hungry, h.iv- 
iii£ttad nothing to eat since before daybreak in the 



32 

morning. This disastrous affair resulted in our los- 
ingtwenty-sixmen, about thirty-three horses, and five 
guns, breaking us up pretty badly, too much so to 
permit a reorganisation of the battery. 

Streams of demoralized men separated from their 
commands by the disastrous break to our battery's 
right, fled toward the rear. This break, as all stu- 
dents of the battle know, was temporarily caused by 
the shifting of divisions, and Bushrod Johnson's com- 
mand poured like a torrent into the gap, overwhelm- 
ing our right. After that fearful break our lines of 
battle were not reformed that day; this occurred 
about noon the 20th; at night our boys that remained 
had reached Chattanooga. Gen. Thomas, of the cen- 
ter, held his ground ami fought his noble fight until 
after dark. Our individual losses will appear in the 
Roster and in a communication from Lieutenant 
Hubbard to the Madison Journal. The official re- 
ports of the officers of our part in the battle of Chick- 
amauga is appended with that of Stone River, etc. 
We will here note that we wentintoaction with ">2 men 
on our six pieces and that we lost 2ft men — or fifty per 
cent. In the immediate vicinity of our misfortune 
thirteen more pieces of other batteries were lost. 

Report of Lieut. Cortland Livingston, Third Wis- 
consin Battery. 

Ildqrs. Third Wisconsin Battery) 

Near Chattanooga, TVnn., Sept. 27, l$f?J. I 

Captain; I have the honor to transmit a report 

of the ojierations of the battery under my comma ml 

during the two day's battle of the 10th and 20th Sep- 



33 

tembcr: I occupied the position taken with the First 
Brigade on the afternoon of the 19th, until about 12 
m., when I was ordered to report to Colonel Barnes, 
commanding Third Brigade, who moved me to a 
position in an orchard about 300 yards to the left, 
and on the right of the road. Remained in battery 
for about one half hour, when I was ordered forward 
with the brigade. We moved to the left about a 
quarter of a mile and took commanding position in an 
open field. Major Mendenhall then rode up and or- 
dered me still farther to the left. I took position in a 
cornfield on right of another battery. The brigade, 
which had gone into the woods from their last posi- 
tion, was driven back, when I opened my battery on 
the advancing line of rebels. They came in front and 
on the left flank. I continued to tire until the battery 
on my left was captured by the enemy, when I lim- 
bered up and got back to my position in the field on 
the right, when I opened fire on the woods, filled 
with the enemy, with great effect, stopping their ad- 
vance. This position gave me an enfilading fire 
The Third Brigade rallied and took position on my 
flanks. From this position I opened a very effective 
enfilade fire on the enemy, did them much injury din- 
ing several successful charges they were making to 
their front, in the corn field. They (the enemy) 
brought up their artillery which was soon silenced by 
our guns. This position was retained, with slight 
variation of the line, for the night. 

About 3 a. in. of the 20th, word came that the 
enemy had been cutting roads through the woods all 
night that chev might be able to bring their artillery 



34 

to bear upon our position, and we were ordered to 
follow the brigade to another position, which we did, 
joining; our division aboiit three miles to the left. 
After daybreak I tilled up my amunition chests and 
moved forward into line with Third Brigade, when 
we were ordered to report to Gen. Wood, who im- 
mediately ordered me out of the woods. I then 
returned to the open field in the rear and took posi- 
tion in battery. I was soon ordered by Major Men- 
denhall, to take position on a hill, about one-fourth 
of a mile to the left, with the batteries of Capt. 
Stevens, Capt. Swallow and Lieut. Gushing, Lieut. 
Gushing being' on my right and Capt. Stevens on my 
left. There was great embarrassment in opening fire 
from this position on the woods in front, where it 
was well known the enemy were heavily massed, on 
account of the impossibility of obtaining any certain 
information in regard to where our troops were. We 
were ordered to reserve our tire until we could see the 
lines of the enemy.. The field and a long strip of 
woods to our left flank had been left without any in- 
fantry support, and the enemy seeing this advanced 
in th» j woods and their musketry was soon telling 
with fearful effect upon our cannoneers and horses. 
They also brought two masked guns to bear on us. I 
opened my whole battery upon these woods. Tin' 
enemy made rapid movement undercover of a eorn- 
field. and completely flunked us. pouring volleys of 
musketry. I lost HO horses belonging to my first five 
piec<->, which were also lost, one piece was pulled by 
hand into the woods, but we could not get awuy 
with it. 1 lost on*' horse in getting awav with the 



35 



1763032 



sixth piece, which was the only piece saved. My loss 
in killed, wounded, and missing' is as follows: One 
sergeant, six corporals, and nineteen privates. My 
caissons being in the rear under the conduct of my 
stable sergeant, Edward Downey, into whose hands 
their care was committed, (we being- short of com- 
manding officers) and who deserves special notice for 
his coolness and bravery, seeing the charge made their 
escape. I collected my command together and moved 
on the ridge of the mountains until I struck the 
Chattanooga road. 

We were flanked by the enemy twice during our 
inarch, but escaped notice. We arrived in Chatta- 
nooga about daylight of the 21st. Lieutenant Hub- 
Lard commanded the left half battery and Lieutenant 
Currier the right. Their conduct was that of brave 
and efficient officers. I wish to express the greatest 
satisfaction in the lighting qualities of our men, for 
greater bravery under such severe circumstances 
eonld not be shown. If particular mention was 
admissabk-, 1 would notice the cool conduct of Corpl. 
John \Y. Fletcher, in command of the fifth piece, who 
rhongh taken prisoner at his gun, by his coolness 
escaped his captors. 

Great praise is due to our non-commissioned offi- 
cers ami privates, whose terrible loss in the short 
space of ten minutes testifies the terrible fire under 
which t)uw were while working" their guns* I cannot 
mention an instance of cowardice daring the action. 

For several days prior to the battle I had been 
suffering with neuralgia and severe headache, which 
continued, and I was hardly able to sustain myself in 



saddle, and nothing but an overpowering desire to be 
with my men in the struggle kept me from leaving 
the field. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
Cortland Livingston, 
Lieutenant, Commanding Third Wis. Battery. 
Capt. G. R. Swallow, 

Chief of Artillery, Third Division. 



Report of Lieut. Cortland Livingston, 3rd Wis- 
consin Battery. 

Camp of 3rd Wisconsin Battery) 
Near Murfreesboro, Tenn , Jan. ">th, 1863J 

Sir: I would report as follows the part taken in 
the actions of Dec. 31st, and the 1st, 2nd and 3rd of 
January, 1863, by the 3rd Wisconsin Battery: 

At daybreak on the morning of December 31st, we 
moved from camp with our division and crossed the 
ford at Stone River to the east, and Murfreesboro side. 
We took a commanding position in battery. In a 
short time we were ordered to recross to the west 
side and take up a position commanding the ford. 
(All the troops that crossed were ordered to reeross.) 
The 3rd Brigade under Co. Price supported our 
Hanks. Very early in the action the enemy gained oil 
our right wing and many wagons and ambulances, 
moved across the ford. A hospital was established 
in gome buildings there. Fnquired of an officer and 
was informed we had infantry pickets ami a small 
force of cavalry on the other side. About 12 m. I saw 
a great stampede among the ambulance wagons 
ami stragglers opposite, and was told some rebel 



37 

cavalry were charging on them. I was fearful of 
making a mistake and firing on our own cavalry. 
We could not see the enemy until he got among the 
wagons and was taking them off. *Ve then opened 
fire upon them and disabled two wagons which 
blocked the lane and obliged them to leave without 
their booty: I think they got off with only five 
wagons. They left one man killed and carried off 
their wounded. We shelled the woods in the direc- 
tion they had taken. We expended 50 rounds of amuni- 
tion that day. The only casualty was one man,— 
Menry S. Utley — wounded in the thigh slightly. Jan- 
uary 1st, (Thursday) the battery was advanced 
across the river with the third division, under com- 
mand of Colonel Beatty, — with orders to protect the 
left from any flank movement, but not to bring on 
a general engagement. After moving forward about 
half a mile we discovered two regiments of infantry 
on a hillside. We threw a few shells among them and 
they withdrew to the woods on their left. We fired 
very little that day, only when we saw evidences of 
their massing troops. We had. one man — A. J. Uline — 
slightly wounded by the sharpshooters. 

Jan. 2nd. This morning we discovered the 
enemy had erected a fortification on the brow of the 
hill, one and one-half miles to our front. Soon they 
opened fire on us with their 24-pounder brass pieces. 
We did not reply and fchey did us no injury. Soon 
they moved their guns nearer to us and more to their 

(right; this gave them a flank tire and we found it very 
dangerous to remain there. We were ordered to 
withdraw and take a position one-half mile to our rear 



38 

and left. About half an hour after we had done so, 
we saw the enemy had drawn up in line and was ad- 
vancing in great force. Just then Gen. Rosencrans 
ordered me to change my position, so that I was a 
little late in opening my tire. The enemy advanced 
steadily driving in our pickets. Our fire was very 
effective but their ranks closed up immediately. Soon 
I saw our right had given away, that rested on the 
river. A heavy column had advanced under cover of 
the river and its skirt of woods, and had flanked the 
troops stationed there. I then sent my cannons 
across to the west side and seeing everything giving 
way, I sent one section at a time across, still working 
those that remained until the others were over. 
When the last section reached the ford one regiment 
of the enemy was within 100 yards of it and poured a 
galling fire into us. Many of our horses were shot 
dead in the river but our brave boys cleared them 
from the teams and everything was got across. We 
opened lire on them as soon as we had crossed, 
though many of our cannons had not yet come up. 
We opened tire at three different positions after we 
crossed and soon after the enemy gave back. We 
crossed to the east side to sustain Gen. Davis and 
took a position in advance of the one taken tne day 
previous, Jan. 1. We expended this day 300 rounds 
of ammunition. Our tire was very good, disabling 
two of the enemies' limbers and killing their horses; 
but our tire was directed mostly at their advancing 
lines. We lost nine horses, two sets lead harness and 
had two men— Sergeant Hollenbeek and David Robin 
— wounded, not seriouslv. 



39 



Jan. 3rd. We had remained in our position 
assigned us by Gen. Davis all night and until noon 
this day, before we were relieved. Our horses had 
had nothing to eat for 48 hours and our men were 
wet with wading the river and without shelter from 
the cold, pelting rain; but when I told them it was 
the imperative order of Gen. Davis and of vital neces- 
sity that we should hold out a little longer, they 
cheerfully obeyed. Gen. Davis kindly divided what 
little he had to eat with our men, as did also Colonel 
Beatty the day before. We had no rations issued 
since the 30th and our provision and forage wagons 
had been sent back by order of some one. At 11 a. m. 
we were relieved by the 26th Penn. Battery and fell 
back a little to feed. At 11 p. in. recrossed th*> river 
by order of Capt. Mendenhall and took up our old 
position on the west side, commanding the ford. 

Jan. 4th. Remained at the ford until 5 p. m. 
when we were ordered to this camp. We have ex- 
pended in all 3.">S rounds of ammunition; lost nine 
horses, two sets of harness and have four men 
wounded. Present for duty, three commissioned ofti 
cers and 107 men. Yours, etc., 

Cortland Livingston. 
Capt. Swallow, 

Chief of Art. Brig., 3rd Diw, 

Left Wing, Army of the Cumberland. 



Extract from report of Colonel S. W. Price, 21st 
Ky. Inf. commanding 3rd Brig., 3rd Div. Left Wing, 
Army of the Cumberland: 

"On the morning of Dec. 31st. mv brigade was 



40 

ordered from the position it held, on the north of the 
N. & M. railroad, across and on the east side of Stone 
River— crossing- the river at a ford about one mile be- 
low where the railroad crosses it. At the top of the 
hill and about one-half mile distant from the river, 
on the east side, I formed my brigade on the left of the 
1st brigade. No sooner had I thus formed my bri- 
gade than an order came from Brig. Gen. H. P. Van 
Cleve, commanding the 3rd division, to cross the river 
at the same ford, and for me to arrange it so as to 
overlook and command the ford. I accordingly 
recrossedandstatioued the brigade on the crest of the 
hill; the 8th Ky. Inf. on the right of the front line, the 
3rd Wis. Battery (Lieut. Livingston) on the left of 
the Sth Ky. * * * * About 2 p. m.. 300 or 400 rebel 
cavalry appeared on the east and opx)osite side of the 
river, and made a dash at a number of government 
wagons containing camp equipage. Before they 
reached the wagons, Lieut. Livingston, ever viligant 
and prompt in the performance of his duties, opened 
a sharp tire of artillery on them, killing three of them 
and somewhat confusing the remainder. Notwith- 
standing they succeeded in starting off a number of 
the wagons, but during* their hasty retreat the artil- 
lery disabled one of the wagons thereby blockading 
the road and saving the wagons in the rear. 

Extracts from report of Capt. Jno, Mendeniiall, 
chief of artillery: 

Dec. 31, 1862, the left wing started to cross Stone 
River at about 8 a. m.; but before a division had 
crossed, intelligence was received that the riuht was 



41 

falling back. Lieut. Livingston, having recrossed the 
river with the brigade, took a position commanding 
the ford, and about 12 m. opened upon the enemy's 
cavalry, while attempting to drive off some of our 
wagons which had crossed the river and were near a 
hospital we had established on the other side. They 
were driven away with little booty. 

During the night (Dec. 31) the batteries were re- 
supplied with ammunition, and I directed them to 
take positions as follows before daylight, viz: Lieut. 



Livingston (3rd Wis.) commanding ford on extreme 
left. During the morning (Jan. 1st) Lieut. Living- 
ston was directed to cross the river. He was assign- 
ed a position by Col. B^attj% and Capt. Swallow took 
\ his place commanding the ford. 

Jan. 2nd, 1n63. During the afternoon Col. Beatty 
changed the position of Lieut. Livingston's (3rd Wis.) 
battery to near the hospital, across the river. 

At 4 p. m. Lieut. Livingston's (3d Wis.) battery, 
which was across the river, opened upon the advanc- 
ing enemy and continued to fire until he thought he 
could no longer maintain his position, when he 
crossed one section at a time and opened fire again; 
the firing ceased about dark. 



STATEMENT OF THE MILITARY SERVICE OF THE THIRD 

BATTERY, WISCONSIN LIGHT ARTILLERY 

VOLUNTEERS. 

As shown by the records, the 3rd Battery, Wiscon- 
sin Light Artillery Vol., was organized at Racine, 
Wisconsin, and was mustered into the service of the 
United States to date. October 10, 1801, to serve three 



42 

years. It was attached to the light Artillery Batta- 
lion, 3rd division. 21st Array Corps, and participated 
in battles as follows: Lebanon, Tennessee, November, 
10, 18*52; Rural Hill. Tenn.. November IS, 1S62; Stone's 
River, Tennessee, December 28, 1802 to January 3, 1S03; 
loss, four men wounded, nine horses killed; Chicka- 
mauga, Georgia (reeonnoissanee toward La Fayette, 
Georgia,) September 13, 1803; and Chickamauga, 
•Georgia, September 10-20, 1863; loss, Chickamauga 
campaign, two enlisted men killed, one officer and 
thirteen enlisted men wounded, eleven enlisted men 
missing, five guns captured and thirty-two horses 
killed. 

Brigadier General Horatio P. Van Cleve, com- 
manding the division to winch this battery belonged, 
in his report of the Chickamauga campaign, dated 
September 3D, 18(53, says: "The non-commissioned 
officers and privates of the batteries have my Warm- 
est thanks for the pertinacity with which they stood 
by their guns when surrounded by the enemy. I am 
happy to inform them that their praise is on the 
tongues of all who witenessed their conduct." 

The conduct of this battery in the battle of Chick- 
amauga, Georgia, September 19-20, 1803, is also highly 
praised in the report of Lieut. Cortland Livingston, 
commanding the battery, dated September 27. 1803* 
as follows: 'i wish to express the greatest satisfac- 
tion in the good lighting qualities of our men. for 
greater bravery under such severe circumstances 
could not have been shown. * * * Great praise 
is ilua to our non-commissioned officers and privates, 
whose terrible loss in the short space of ten minutes 



43 

testifies the terrible fire under which they were while 
working their guns. I cannot mention an instance 
of cowardice during the action," 

The battery was mustered out of service at Madi- 
son, Wisconsin, July 3, 1S6.*>. 

Official statement respectfully furnished to Hon. 
John L. Mitchell, United States Senate. 

By authority of the Secretary of War. 

F. C. Ainsworth, 
Colonel, U. S. Army, 
Chief Record and Pension Office. 
Record and Pension Office, War Department. 
March 2, 1890. 

RECOLLECTIONS R^WM. PEACKETT. 

Readers of the history of the late war are no 
doubt familiar with the reply of General Geo. H. 
Thomas, to General Grant, who, when ordering him 
to take command of the army of the Cumberland "to 
hold Chattanooga, at any cost." "We will hold the 
place or starve," and although it was a hard job, and 
necessitated great labor, and much sacrifice on the 
part of the rank and file of the army of the Cumber- 
land the promise was kept and the place was success- 
full v held by the remnant of the old and tried arniy of 
the Cumberland against a victory-flushed and over 
confident enemy, strong enough to completely envelop 
the little remnant of our army, and loose troops 
enough to prevent getting supplies by any of our 
ordinary lines of communication. The little army 
worked manfully day and night for quite a time put- 
ting up breastworks lor protection, as it seemed to 
be very like! v. if not a certaintv, that the enemy 



44 

would make a rush on us in our weakened state and 
try to take the place by storm, but it appears that 
for some reason, or reasons, he did not take that 
method, and endeavored to starve us out. By taking 
possession of Lookout Mountain and Will's Valley, 
the enemy had cut our railroad communication with 
our base of supplies and to reach our nearest depot 
of supplies (Bridgeport) we had to take a circuitous 
route over the mountains, and hills, a distance of over 
sixty miles; every mile of which was swarming with 
mounted enemies, on the keen look-out to prevent our 
getting supplies from that or any other direction, 
and hundreds of wagons were captured and burned 
by them, and the mules taken for their own service; 
such was the need of men in and around Chattanooga 
to hold the place, that no very considerable force 
could be spared as a sufficient guard, so that it did 
look for a tin;e as if Gen. Bragg had hit the right nail 
on the head, by trying to starve us out. As soon as 
the army had fallen back to Chattanooga, and its 
real situation understood, the rations of the men were 
much reduced in quantity, and as the difficulty and 
uncertainty of getting more supplies became more 
apparent, they wen? reduced still more until towards 
the last of the time just before being relieved by other 
portions of our army from the "east,'* it seemed that 
almost next to nothing was issued, and such was the 
scarcity of provisions, that for several days we had 
one pint of sheiku] corn issued to each man for the 
day's subsistence, and for quite a while we had no 
meat of any kind; coffee or sugar either. Some men 
require more food than others, and this will account 



45 

for what I saw at different times, which was, men 
pie King up scattering kernels of corn, that had been 
scattered by horses and mules while eating:. The 
men would wash the corn, thus obtained, and then 
parch and eat it, the ration of corn they had received 
from the quartermaster nut being; sufficient for them. 
Now when people read in history that over three 
thousand mules died in Chattanooga during; the siege 
and the winter following, and wonder at it, they 
would no longer wonder if they knew that the mule 
feed had to be given to the men to krep them from 
starving. And all the time that we were under this 
state of things, the enemy were not sleeping, but kept 
us in mind in a very emphatic manner that he was 
right on hand for business, for it was '"pop, pop, pop- 
pety, pop, whizz, screech, scrish" ami boom all the 
the time on the picket lines, but under all these dis- 
couraging conditions the tried and true old Army of 
the Cumberland had never a thought of giving up 
Chattanooga. Oh, no. 

As a. matter of course we had lots of rumors in 
camp about various measures that were said to be 
taking place for our relief, but we knew nothing posi- 
tive for a long time. We did get quite a chunk of 
encouragement one night, as we distinctly heard the 
sounds of musketry tiring and some cannonading 
over in what is called the "Wauhatehie Valley*' for 
we believed that some troops, which had been sent 
for our relief, were getting near at hand, or were 
driving the enemy from our "cracker line" and it made 
the boys "yell" as they listened to the sounds of bat- 
tle, especially as the sound, growing more distinct 



46 

seemed to intimate that our men were pressing the 
enemy back, and would soon open communication 
with us. This was a movement ordered by Gen. Grant 
and carried out by Generals Hooker and Howard, 
having for its object the shortening of our "cracker 
line" and was a complete success, and although 
owing to the occupation of the Lookout Mountain by 
the enemy, we had to make a rather crooked road, it 
shortened our route so much that all prospect of 
Bragg's starving us out was quite gone. I wish to 
record here that as far as my observation extended, 
the Army of the Cumberland cheerfully accepted the 
situation, having faith that if they held on manfully 
some effective measures would be taken for their 
relief, and in this they were not disappointed. 

A few days after the ••affair" in the "Wauhatehle 
Valley" I had my first look at Gen. Grant, and must 
confess, that I saw nothing in his apx>earance that 
struck me very forcibly, excepting perhaps, his very 
quiet and calm manner of viewing everything, and 
there was nothing in his manner that would suggest 
the thought '"this is the man of destiny" in our 
country's crisis, which indeed he proved to be. 

That Gen. Grant was about to do some work 
that would change the existing state of affairs, in and 
around Chattanooga, we soon had abundant evi- 
dence, for Gens. Hooker and Howard, had moved up 
their forces nearer to Chattanooga, and were in a 
position to strike, or to help strike a blow when 
needed, and about two months after the seige com- 
menced we saw Gen. Sherman around, and we were 
quite sure that With Grant, Sherman, Hooker and 



47 

Howard, and last, but not least by any means, Gen- 
eral Geo. H. Thomas, (who had stuck to us all 
through thick and thin) with ns. something was cer- 
tainly going to happen — and it did, and it resulted in 
what caused great rejoicing, not only in our little 
camp but all over our land. 

In writing what I do of this battle and the suc- 
ceeding one of Missionary Ridge, I wish to say that 
as our battery was so completely disabled by its 
losses at Chickamauga that it had not been reiitted, 
and were doing any and all sorts of garrison duty, 
and so I was at perfect liberty to use my time in 
viewing these battles without taking an active part 
in them, and in this manner had a better opportunity 
for observation than if directly engaged. 

The morning of the battle of Lookout Mountain 
(Nov. 24) the sky was completely overcast with 
heavy clouds, that hung low down, and com- 
pletely shut out from our view the top of the moun- 
tain where were stationed a force of the enemy. 
That a movement was being made by our troops to 
gain possession of this mountain we soon had evi- 
dence in the frequent and rapid discharges of muske- 
try and occassional cannon shots in that direction, 
but the misty clouds hid some of the moves from us. 
am! we could only guess the position of the contend- 
ing forces from the sounds, most of the time. At 
night however we could better discern the position of 
the troops by the flashes of tire from the muskets, ami 
<>iK-e during the night it was quite a vivid scene, 
showing a long line of tire shooting straight out in 
hft direction of another line of sputtering and irregu- 



48 

lar firing. After a- time the firing grew less and soon 
ceased altogether, and the next morning the clouds 
had cleared away enough so that we could see that 
the enemy were gone and our boys had possession, 
and the Stars and Stripes were waving from the pin- 
nacle of Lookout where two months the ''stars and 
bars" had waved. 

Thus ended the battle of Lookout Mountain, 
called by many writers ''Hooker's battle in the 
clouds," and now Hooker was ready to sweep down 
into the valley between Lookout Mountain and 
Missionary Ridge and co-operate with Sherman and 
Thomas in driving the enemy from Missionary 
Ridge. Part of the movements made during- 
the battle of Missionary Ridge took place where it 
was an absolute impossibility for me to see them, 
those of General Sherman's troops especially, and 
of them I can only say. that his troops went up 
the river on the opposite side to Chattanooga and 
crossed the river near the mouth of Chiekamauga 
Creek, and came to the northern end of Missionary 
Ridge near the railroad tunnel and made his attack 
on the enemy's right flank, and with his usual impet- 
uosity and vim he pushed him so hard that he weak- 
ened his center to support his fiank and one object of 
his attack was thus gained. In the meantime while 
General Sherman was getting into position after 
crossing the river, the Army of the Cumberland, under 
<!tii. Thomas had moved to th^ir position, and as if 
on parade, commenced their part of the battle, which 
they did by making a simultaneous attack on the 
rifle pits of the enemy ahum* their whole front, and 



49 

soon they put them to rout, causing them to fall 
back upon their first line of works near the foot of the 
ridge. The next move was on the breastworks at 
the foot of the ridge and the sight to me was a mag- 
nificent one when the gallant Army of the Cumber- 
land once again moved forward to attack the enemy. 

As soon as that line of blue had got fairly started 
towards the enemy's breastworks, and thus came 
into full view, the whole length of Missionary Ridge 
became a vast sheet of flame, the red-mouthed cannon 
belching forth flames and smoke, filling the air with 
bursting shells directly over the heads of our advanc- 
ing troops, and whole sheets of flame from the thous- 
ands of muskets stationed in the breastworks, filled 
r he air with hissing bullets; but nothing daunted by 
this terriftic show of war, on they pressed and soon 
with a loud cheer they announced the works were 
theirs. 

After the boys had taken possession of this line of 
outworks, a brief halt was made, but it was not of 
long duration, for in a short time I saw the line 
starting up the side of the ridge, on the top of which 
were thousands of the enemy, who, as soon as the 
line began moving in their direction, poured incessant 
and deadly volleys of musketry into the ranks of our 
advancing troops; but undismayed and as if there 
were no enemy in their front, that magnificent line of 
blue, with **old glory" with its stars and stripes dot- 
ted here and there along the line, kept steadily climb- 
ing the ridiie. and at that time 1 did feel proud that 
I was a member (if only a very humble one) of the 
Army of the Cumberland, and to this day, many 
years since it happened, I can see that line of blue as 



50 

it slowly fought its way to the top of that ridge, and 
a thrill of admiration for my old comrades of the 
Army of the Cumberland, takes possession of me. 
Still our bo\*s continue to press their way to the top 
never halting or faltering", and notwithstanding the 
brave and determined efforts of the men behind the 
breastworks at the top, with a rush and a wild 
hurrah our boys take possession and hold it, and the 
battle is really over for the day and Chattanooga is 
ours to keep. 

There being- nothing in the way of duty to hinder 
me, I thought I would like to go upon the "ridge" and 
as soon as we saw the "stars and stripes" on top, a 
few of us went there and saw some of the evidences 
of the fierce nature of the conflict the men had gone 
through. The fatalities were not as great as I ex- 
pected to find them, considering the fierce artillery 
and musketry tire our men were exposed to all the 
time they were making the attack. 

The evidences of the unexpected departure of 
the enemy was in sight in the shape of abandoned 
artillery, stores of various kinds and small arms 
lying around. By the time this had occurred and 
the lines adjusted properly, it was quite dark, and the 
next morning a move was made to ascertain the 
whereabouts of theen^iny, with the result that it was 
found that he had retreated in the direction of Dalton. 
<)a., where they had considerable fortifications. in 
readiness for them. The Army of the Cumberland 
remained near Chattanooga, (Jen. Sherman going to 
Knoxvilie. LVnn., to relieve (Jen. Imrnside, and we 
soon had plenty to eat once more, though the winter 
of '6ft ami T4 was quite cold, and we were quite u\\- 



51 

comfortable with cold some of the time. I have a 
a distinct recollection of having got up out of my 
bunk several different times at night to build a little 
tire in a sort of fireplace we had made out of brick: 
this was to try and get a little warmer than I could 
by staying in my bunk. In evidence of its being a 
cold winter for us boys, will say that my diary of 
that time (diary now in my possession) says that on 
the 22nd day of March, 1SG4, there was quite a snow- 
storm at Chattanooga and nearly, or quite, S inches 
of snow fell. But for ah the discouraging circu in- 
stances, the boys tried to be cheerful and mainly were 
so; some of them would take pleasure in attending 
prayer meetings, others would be pleased to play the 
rioiin and flute, others again would give impromptu 
■"solo concerts," and occasionally one would be found 
dancing "juber" with someone to help. We got in 
quite an excitable state of mind once during the win- 
ter; it was this way; We heard some distant can- 
nonading over in the Wauhatchie Valley where 
Hooker's troops were camped, and soon heard mus- 
ketry firing and nearer cannon shots, and everything 
in camp was got in readiness to help Hooker or repel 
attack if made on us, and a troop of cavalry was 
sent out to ascertain if Hooker needed help and all 
the while the infantry was in arms and artillery ready 
for business, and when tin* cavalry came back they 
reported that (Jen. Hooker 'Was fighting a sham bat- 
tle to keep his men's hands in. 

KECOLLKCTIONH BV K. HKATWIONT. 

The next da v after the destruction of the batterv. 



' 



52 

the only piece saved (a howitzer) was posted on the 
left near the Tennesee River facing Missionary Ridge. 
On Tuesday a iine of earthworks were laid out and 
entrenching began and a lunette was thrown up. 
This was afterwards Fort Wood; onr lone howitzer 
occupied it first; afterward siege guns were placed 
therein. Here too was a gallows where many a 
Union man had been hanged for his loyalty. This 
day the last foraging was done; a load of corn was 
brought in from ground quickly occupied by the 
rebels. The men worked like beavers and by Tuesday 
night a line of works were built, too strong for 
assult by the weary men. 

Immediately our horse feed became scarce and 
grazing was soon used up; some of the boys would 
crawl through the lines and pull grass to feed, while 
they would be in the shelter of anything to screen 
them from sharpshooters. They would put the grass 
in corn sacks and drag them in behind themselves to 
our own lines. The rebels were in a short range but 
never shot anyone, undoubtedly thinking it was sur- 
renderor starvation in a short time. The little corn 
soon disappeared and the horses in the best condition 
were sent to Bridgeport to save their lives; many had 
already died tied totrees orposts, which they knawed 
as Ion- a> tUey had strength. During the siege 10,000 
horses and mules died of starvation. All this time 
the hes»-i-ed were throwing up intrencliments and 
continually Htrenghtening the lines, heavier guns were 
placed in position ami we were drawn into the out- 
skirts of the town. The great problem now was on 
how little a man could subsist; it was really pitiful to 



53 

see the men scratch over the ground where the mules 
had been fed to find a kernel of corn that might be 
trod in the mud (a horse does not look over ground 
closer or make cleaner work of a dirt pile.) Many of 
the mules had to be sent to bring crackers over the 
mountains by packing, others were being used to 
carry the wounded over the same mountains from 
the camp across the Tennessee, opposite Chattanooga 
where the poor fellows were without food. Those 
who survived the trip, were landed at Stevenson, Ala. 
only to receive a handful of cracker dust, — not a very 
satisfying amount of food after riding in an army 
wagon over sixty miles of all sized stones. We suffer- 
ed with cold as the weather became severe: all stumps 
and shade trees to be found were dug up to burn. A 
large raft of logs was sent down the Tennessee river 
to destroy our potoon bridge but our boys captured 
it, saved the bridge and made firewood of the logs. 
Our rations kept diminishing, and we received but a 
pint of corn for three day's rations. We parched the 
corn, ground it in coffee mills and made a porridge of 
it: frequently while preparing this dish, children of 
the miserably poor and destitute natives would 
drift into our camp and after wistfully gazing upon it 
would say, "I like eohn." Such pathetic appeals al- 
ways resulted in receiving a portion of the coarse and 
scant supply. A eoraloafof unsifted meal, baked in 
a common sized bake kettle, would be cut into 2H 
parts, and would sell for 50e a piece. Cow's heads 
divested of meat would bring 81. For Soup purposes, 
animal tripes were eagerly eaten after a homely pre- 
paration. All this time the rebel cavalry were raid- 



54 

ing the Union lines of communication north of the 
river and operating in East Tennessee. These opera- 
tions resulted in our loosing the best quality of our 
army rations euroute on the backs of mules. Some of 
the boxes of crackers passed over to the battery had 
got wet and were spoiled,— a sour, mushy lot of 
dough utterly untlt for food, yet this stuff was eager- 
ly sorted over, the dry and sound pieces separated 
from slush while crowds of half starved wretches 
stood around, and clawed, and almost fought over 
the sticky mess to get an inch of sound cracker out of 
it. Comrade Beaumont (the contributor of th* j se 
recollections) says that years after a member of the 
15th Wis., speaking to him of army lift*, not knowing 
he had ever "enjoyed it," told him of his fighting for 
those half inches of crackers. When he laughed at the 
recital the poor fellow thought that he doubted his 
story. 

After the battle of Missionary Ridge came a divi- 
sion of the battery; some were already across the 
Tennessee from Chattanooga, some were put on the 
Steamer Missionary, with our howitzer and a detail 
was made for guards on her trips from Chattanooga 
to Knoxville. These statements of Comrades PlacUett 
and Beaumont are fully corroborated fry Other com - 
munientioriH received from survivors, all of whom 
coincide in f»*ellnu- that thisstateof siege wasthe dark- 
est period of their Uvea. Occasionally gleams of pleas- 
ure would occur, two of most noteworthy nature 
was in the arrival to our command of Comrades Har- 
lan S. Howard and Thomas Boyle, who had been 
taken prisoners at Chiekninauga, and who after most 



55 

thrilling experiences had successfully escaped, not 
only from their captors but undoubtedly from death 
in prison. They were most heartily greeted by the 
battery and we are pleased to say they still live, 
Sept. 1st, 1901. 

Though frequent details were made from our com- 
mand, the remnant now occupied Ft. Phelps, where 
the regular service was drilling upon and handling 
the heavy guns, in which they became as proficient as 
they were with the field artillery. Gen. Sherman's 
advance on Atlanta gave an opportunity for our boys 
to see more campaigning, and many of them volun- 
teered to take a hand in the business. 

State of Wisconsin. 
Adjutant General's Office, 

Madison, Dec. 1, 1896. 
Mr. H. H. G. Bradt, Eureka, Wis. 

Sir: — Replying to your letter of 29th ult., here- 
with returned, I have to say, that the records of the 
3rd Batt'y, Wis. Lt. Art'y, on tile in this office, show 
that the. following named members of said battery 
were detached in Batt'y "M," 1st 111. Lt. Art'y, April 
26, 1864 by S. O. No. 63, Maj. Cotter: 

Joel B. Bates, George A. Borst, Alfred Brink, 
Maurice Crimmings, Norman Everson, George W. 
Griffin, Edward Harroune, Ansel Hayes, Silas S. Her- 
rington, Charles A. Hunt, George J. Jarvis, George 
Knieram, Oiiand E. Pattee, William Plaekett, Joseph 
C. Red more, Thomas Rundle, Michael Scanlan, Andrew 
Sheffield, Charles Sickles, Henry M. Silsbee, Rasselas 
R. Stillwell, Ivey W. Tubbs, Albert Turck, Adam W. 



56 

Uline, Abrani VanAernam, Seneca S. Van Ness, Rich- 
ard Van Slyke. John H. Van Wie. 

The following named members of the Batt'y were 
detached at the same time by the same order, but the 
records do not show what service they were detached 
in. "Detailed by S. 0. No. 63*~to report to Maj. Rey- 
nolds, chief of Ar't 20th A. C, by Maj. Cotter." Bat- 
tery "M," 1st N. Y. Art.: 

John Anderson, Esau Beaumont, Russell H. Bene- 
dict, Abel H. Bennett, Moses H. Bowen, Alexander 
Clark, Cassias M. Davis, Francisco H. Davis, Emmett 
Dunn, Wm. J. K. Bowen* Myron D. Reece, Jeremiah 
Rode, Alfred S. Weymouth, Alvin H. Weymouth, Wel- 
lington White. 

On the 30th of June, all the detail were ready for 
departure for Cleveland, Tenn., and after many good- 
byes, and most sincere wishes for their welfare, by 
those that remained in Ft. Phelps, they left the next 
day toengagefai one <>f the most momentous move- 
ments of the war, mid a campaign that far exceeded 
in circumstances of great ami constant action any- 
thing they had ever experienced. 

At Rocky Face Ufd«*e the enemy was first met, 
then followed engagements of much magnitude at 
Rnsaea. Calhoun, Adairsville, Picket's Mills. New- 
Hope Church, Pine Top, Hnnesaw Mountain, Peach 
Tree Creek, Vtluiitn and Jon*?Mlioro. Daring the cam- 
paign <»f five month*) they were under tire 82 days by 
actual eomtt from Wiii, Hnckett's memoranda. 

In thy advance south, the campaign was notable 
for enntinmajs reeonnoissaneeH, skirmishing at all 



hours, flanking- movements, and desperate charging 
over fearfully precipitous mountains, and discharges 
of avalanches of ammunition, but nothing could with- 
stand the advance of the Union troops, and when 
Atlanta was secured our boys returned to Ft. Phelps 
— after receiving the thanks of the commanders of 
Battery M. of N. Y., and Battery M. of 111., who certi- 
fied to their having done their duty on all occasions 
to their satisfaction. On this campaign Charles 
Sickles was killed and Rasellas R. Stilwell, Michael 
Scanlin and Thomas Rundle were wounded, which 
comprised all the loss to our detail. Soon after, in 
October, the men that enlisted at the organization of 
the battery in 1869, — with the exception of 3&, who 
reenlisted — were mustered out, their time expiring. 
They returned to their Wisconsin homes. Some reen- 
listed in other organizations, and some returned to 
the south to engage in other operations. The 33 men 
that reenlisted received a furlough and on returning 
brought a number of recruits, but not enough to com- 
plete a full battery and as a strong garrison was still 
needed at Chattanooga a part of the men were divided 
among the 6th and 8th Wis. batteries and all of the 
said batteries done garrison duty, principally at Mur- 
frei'sboro, Tenn.; ours being in Lunate Palmer, of 
Fortress Roseernns, to the extreme right of the bat- 
tle line we occupied at Stone River. We here held the 
lunette with field guns and a fort adjacent having 
hU ge guns, ni\(] drilled frequently on both; it was in 
this camp we learned of the assasination of President 
Lincoln, which caused the greatest excitement among 
the troops here, and brought on several individual 



58 

encounters in Murfreesboro between our men and the 
rebel soldiers, who were returning to their homes. I 
spoke of Revolutionary soldiers' graves, I found on 
our extreme left. One day a party of us took a trip 
to the extreme right of our line and there found other 
Revolutionary soldiers' graves and probably between 
the two extreme points we fought over others. We 
will here mention that in our marches we passed by 
the graves of Presidents Jackson, Taylor and Polk, 
each having relatives in arms against the Union they 
fought for, or presided over as chief magistrates. 

In July we were ordered again to Chattanooga, 
remaining there long enough to turn over to the 
goverment officers all our equipments, and to be mus- 
tered out. This date is placed upon our discharges as 
.3d of July, though in reality it did not occur until the 
20th. While enroute for Madison, Wis., an incident 
occurred that marred our pleasure of the trip very 
much. Our battery and the 6th were loaded upon 
freight cars inside and the tops were both rilled and 
while going between Tulllahoma, Tenn., and Nash- 
ville, the engineer of the train, who it was afterwards 
ascertained was a drunken rebel, tried his best to 
wreck the train by starting suddenly without warn- 
ing, and running at the highest rate of speed possible, 
then as suddenly as he could he would stop, and in 
that way two of the »;rh battery boys were thrown 
between the cars and killed. Just after leaving Mur- 
freesboro the fellow stopped the train and as the 
boys rushed to seize and lynch him, he detached 
the engine going ahead a half a mile, became back 
and dashed the engine into the train, then lit out for 



59 

Nashville, leaving the boys to nurse their wrath while 
waiting nearly a day before securing- another engine 
to pull us to Nashville. 

Now, dear comrades, we present you in rather an 
imperfect way, what is really but a brief sketch of 
the battery's service obtainable now, and which 
many think should be ready for immediate distribu- 
tion, hence its incompleteness. This work was 
planned at the organization of the Battery associa- 
tion at St. Paul in 1896, and although the most earn 
est and assiduous efforts have been put forth to secure 
its completeness, it will be presented as we now have 
it and in hopes that at some time in the near future 
suitable and appropriate illustrations may be added. 

I must say of this battery, I am proud of its his- 
tory, and deeply thankful of being one of its members. 
Many of its best and bravest went down to death, 
giving their young lives for their country and flag 
they loved so well. Many more received grievous 
wounds from which they still suffer, others by the 
fortune of war were prisoners in the hands of the 
enemy and after many days and months of alternate 
hope and fears, suffered to their death in the horrible 
prison pens, of Andersonville, Richmond and Dan- 
ville, where starvation and disease were more deadly 
than the storm of iron arid lead upon the battle held, 
ami where death was welcomed as a bent-factor. Ami 
it is with a feeling of sadness that we recall the names 
of our patriot dead, the heroic deeds they done, and 
the ties that bound us together, as we stood side by 
side on the battlefield and endured the trials of a 
soldier's life, on the weary march, in camp or bivouac. 

Your Secretary, 

H. H. <i. P.uaut. 



60 



A FEW REMINISCENCES 



Captain Drury was a man of much humor — two 
illustrations we give: Oct. 6, 'G:> he writes to the 
Racine Advocate-, from a field hospital near Chatta- 
nooga: *\\ly wound is doing- remarkably well and as 
soon as Forrest gets through playing the d — 1 with 
the railroads I will start home. The surgeons of the 
army are having a nice little time over my wound. 
They say that by all the rules of surgery and anat- 
omy, I ought to have died in three or four hours, 
and some of them, the most enthusiastic in their pro- 
fession, are indignant because I can't see it. I was 
struck about an inch from the center of my body, 
three inches below my right nipple, the ball lodging 
between two of the ribs three inches from the spine. 
An incision was made in my back and the ball was 
removed with forceps. It is supposed that my liver 
was perforated— but a, man that has pluck can get 
along without a liver." 

A few days before the battle of Chickamaugn when 
General Crittenden's corps was lying at Gordon's 
Mills waiting for General Kosencransto comeup, with 
tie* Fourteenth and Twentieth corps, a tight occurred 
on the picket line, in which ('apt. Drury, of the .1(1 ^\ is- 
eonsin Battery (ami allow me to say right here that 



I 



61 

a braver man or more genial comrade never pulled a 
lanyard,) was wounded, as we all thought mortally, 
a minie-ball crushing through his right lung. Borne 
to the rear, he was laid on a cot in a house near the 
mill and a surgeon summoned. Pending his arrival, 
the writer sought to impart such consolation as the 
case seemed to require, and told him, among other 
things, to keep up his spirits; that a man with his 
continuous flow of spirits and good health might light 
off death by force of will. "Ah, colonel," said he (and 
as he spoke the red blood welled up from the wound 
with every breath.) "I believe — I would — rather — 
have that — experiment tried — on one of my wife's 
relations. M 

From Corinth, Mississippi, the battery proceeded 
with Gen. Buell's army, in quest of the Confederate 
army, which had gone east. In a few days the army 
arrived at luka, Miss., and owing to obstructions at 
the front, were ordered into camp in the outskirts of 
the town, and the natural curiosity of the boys of the 
battery, led several of them to take a stroll through 
town. Among them were several printers, of which 
the battery was well suppled. While going along 
the principal street they espied a sign reading "Print- 
ing Office," and they could not resist the temptation 
to see wh.-it a southern printing office looked like; so 
in they went, but found the only occupant of the 
office was a small boy, commonly called the "itevil," 
of which every well-regulated printing office was sup- 
posed to contain. In answer to questioi.s he said all 
the men connected, with the office had gone intothe 
Confederate army. He then, probably thinking the 



62 

lower regions was a more desirable place to be in at 
that time, immediately took his departure also. Left 
alone in possession of the office, someone of the boys 
sprung the idea of going to work and getting out a 
newspaper. The idea struck them all favorably. All 
the printers of the battery were hastily called together 
and all were eager for the work. Then a controversy 
arose about who should be the editor-in-chief, but as 
Capt. Drury had but a few months before published a 
lively newspaper in Berlin, Wis., (called the Green 
Lake County Democrat) he was unanimously chosen 
as editor-in-chief. He called as his assistants, J. D. 
Galloway, Dave Hubbard and Ed Case, with Wayne 
Galloway as the poet. Soon theeompositors were at 
work, and in a remarkably short time enough was 
sent up to fill the paper. Then with Esau Beaumont 
as the chief motive power, the paper was printed, 
which was called the " Badger Bulletin." It was filled 
with all kinds of interesting matter, except advertise- 
ments. The scarcity of them was owing to the store- 
keepers not wishing to patronize that kind of a paper. 
Then Wayne Galloway was chosen as chief circula- 
tor, who worked so hard he has been unable to do a 
(lay's work since. He soon had a corps of newsboys 
goimx in every direction, and that evening nearly the 
whole army was electrified by hearing the cry: 
"Here's the Badger Bulletin, just printed. All the 
latest news: only ten cents." The greatest capacity 
of the motive power was not sufficient to supply the 
demand, and the treasury of the office carried by the 
circulator, was supposed to be well filled: but, 
although some of the bovs that did the labor of get- 



= 



63 

tin*? out the paper were mercenary enough to think 
they ought to have a share in the proceeds, the treas- 
urer, thinking the distribution of so much wealth 
among the boys at once would have a bad effect, con- 
cluded it was best to carry it himself. Bat since the 
war it is currently reported that Wayne Galloway 
has been traveling all over the country trying to find 
the boys interested in that paper, in order to distri- 
bute the funds collected from the sale of the "Badger 
Bulletin."— E. D. Case. 

While the steamboat, J. W.Hindnmn, was taking 
on the battery at Louisville, Ky., March S, '62, a spar 
fell, striking Chauncey R. Stone, and knocking him 
senseless into the icy ami turbid waters of the much 
swollen Ohio river, where he would have drowned if 
Maurice Trimmings had not instantly plunged into 
the river, catching him while sinking and, swimming 
with him around the bow of the boat, brought him 
safely to land. Maurice still lives. — Esau Beaumont. 

Our harvest of reminiscences having jjroved less 
fruitful than we hoped, you will pardon your secre- 
tary in presenting some personal recollections. In 
consequence of the long-time healing of my Chieka- 
mauga wounds, and the further developing of injuries 
received at Stone River, I was unable to join my com- 
mand until Nov., '64. I left Harvey hospital in charge 
of a squad of convalescents bound for their com mands. 
It was with difficulty that they were kept within the 
fold, for like a lot of school boys, frolics they were 
bound to have, and especially so, when meeting the 
many recruits our train received at every station. 



64 






where frequently the impromptu war dances proved 
quite arousing:. At Chicago and Indianapolis the 
recruits still poured in more rapidly, in fact, than 
when I was sent north. Those for the east received 
immediate transportation; we for the south or Army 
of the Cumberland, were delayed as information 
received showed that Gen. Hood, with a desperate 
horde of ragged and almost destitute rebels was 
advancing on Nashville and threatening communica- 
tions with Chattanooga. After a while we received 
transportation for Louisville, and when I arrived 
there every man of our sound had disappeared. On 
reporting that fact to Gen. Hobson. he did not seem 
surprised, but said the provost guard would bring 
them in. If it were streams of soldiers we met at other 
points, here indeed was the flood, pouring in squads, 
detachments and regiments, shouting* most jubilantly 
"We are coining Father Abraham, 300,000 more/' A 
perfect jam was on the trains— passengers and box 
cars were crammed full, top and inside; 1-5 trains were 
in our string. In the night freight trains loaded with 
munitions of war ran out of Louisville every twenty 
minutes. We tarried in Nashville but a little while 
and passed numerous camps of troops guarding the 
road to our place of destination through a much 
devasted country. Our train was the last through 
as Hood's cavalry destroyed part of the track and we 
found That wehad jimt escaped capture by the alert- 
ness of the train engineer. We will never forget the 
scenes that we met at our arrival at Chattanooga. 
The surroundings of the depot were very filthy in 
comparison with the trim appearance at the northern 



65 

depots. Here we met one of the most motley crowds 
of all known hues in complexion and of every decree 
of human classes, specimens of the chivalry, stalwart 
and impudent and shameless negroes of both sexes, 
distressingly appearing refugees, and the blue coats in 
their mighty omnipresence. 

By a dint of inquiry I found my command and, 
what a change from the appearance when last I 
knew it, in its vigorous virility of stalwart manhood. 
But one commissioned officer was with the command 
at Ft. Phelps, viz: Lieut. J. Waste, late Ord. Sergt. 
This position was now filled by W. H. Williams. This 
fort was a sort of a great mound thrown up from the 
plain; clustering around and below were the quarters, 
cabins of lumber, with (ire places. I did not feel sat- 
isfied at all with the condition of things which to me 
seemed very woeful. Many strange faces appeared 
and many of the boys had gone home for good, their 
term expiring, and many of the unfortunate had 
passed to their last resting place. The battery never 
afterwards seeni"d natural to me and withal [ was 
disgusted with doing garrison duty which however 
was very essential. 

Shortly after arriving here we heard the deep 
booming to the north of guns; this continued at inter- 
vals for several days, and after communication was 
restored we learned of the destruction of Hood's 
army at Franklin ami Nashville, eighty miles distant. 

We hail no communication here for 'Ati days with 
the outer work!, and during that time again was 
experienced a season of lack of food. I paid two dob 
larsfor fonr biscuit, Vt*rv sodden blue affairs; cheese 



'1 



66 

was $2 a pound, condensed milk $2 a quart. I paid 
$1 for a cow's skull, and picked out of the ditch sur- 
rounding the fort, bacon rinds, that had been thrown 
there in slops a long time beforeand ate them. Our 
rations remained extremely scant until the embargo 
was raised and when uur friends at home got things 
to us we were happy indeed. On occassional visits 
to the town we found that aside from the usual busi- 
ness of camp life that much activity through indus- 
trial pursuits were progressing. Among them we 
visited with interest were the various iron works and 
boatyards, which activities we learn, are far more 
widely developed. In closing a point of much interest 
to me was the National Cemetery where, too, lie our 
battery's dead of the Chickamauga campaign, whose 
memories we will ever keep green. 

OUR DEAD. 

How sleep the brave, who sink to rest. 
By all their country's wishes blest! 
When spring, with dewy tinkers cold. 
Returns to deck their hallowed mould. 
She there shall dress a sweeter sod 
Than Fancy's feet have ever trod. 

By fairy hands their knell is rung; 
By forms i in-seen their dirge is snug; 
There Honor comes, a pilgrim gray, 
To bless the tun' that wraps their clay: 
And Freedom shall awhile repair 
To dwell, a wet-ping hermit there! 

Soldier rest, thy warfare o'er, 

Sleep the sleep, that knows no waking. 

Dream of battlefields no more. 

Days of toil and nights of waking. 

We will state that tlieinorning of Sept. 20th. found 



67 

the battery in position at daylight on an elevation of 
the Dyer field, spoken of with the "action front," 
toward a body of timber in the rear of some of our 
intrenchments, back of the ~Poe and Brotherton 
houses; soon after the engagement commenced, we 
were ordered to advance toward ami into this timber 
which we did, passing over a rail fence. We had not 
gone but a few rods when we found that farther pro- 
gress was almost impossible, and while in this fix we 
received a shower of bullets from an unseen 
force. We immediately fell back to near our previous 
position, on what is now known as Battery Hill; and 
discharging our guns at times from this our last posi- 
tion, until informed (a mistake) that we were firing on 
our own men. Regarding this position in which there 
has seemed to be confusing ideas, we will give it cor- 
rect from Corp. Ira E. Smith, prefacing it regarding 
the business of the day before — the 19, viz.; *'The 3rd 
Wis. Battery checked and forced back the whole rebel 
left at 4 o'clock p. in., by getting an enfilading hre on 
their lineof battle and that when our line was broken, 
I claim that our battery saved our right wing from 
being turned at that time. We went into line of bat- 
tle (last position the 20th) moving by the left flank by 
in battery to the right. Our first pieces which I had 
the honor to command that day, being in the lead, 
became the left of the line; the t»th piece became the 
rijrht of the line by going into action in that manner. 
The front of a battery while limbered up. is the way 
the pole points. The front of a battery in action is 
the way the guns point. — Ira E. Smith, 

We will state that at the dedication of our monu- 



68 

ment and previous locating the rebel commissions 
conceded the correctness of the positions assumed, 
Maj. Colburn, E. M. Kanouse and Esau Beaumont 
were present on said occasion and corroborate said 
statements. 

The battle flags of all Wisconsin organizations 
but ours, are displayed in the Historical Rooms at 
Madison. The explanations of its absence has been 
very frequently asked for. We will present for the 
interested, the communication of Comrade and Dr. 
T. D. Kanouse regarding the matter: 

Glendale, Cal., Aug. 2«. 1901. 
Esau Beaumont Esq., Merton, Wis. 

My Dear Comrade: It would be my greatest 
pleasure to be with the 3d Battery boys the 18th, 10th 
and 20th of Sept. next, and nothing but the great dis- 
tance and large expense hinders me. I am abundant- 
ly able (physically) to travel, and my heart yearns to 
go. Please answer "aye" for me at roll call and 
make my fraternal regards to all the comrades. 

Anent the guidon: In the battle of Chickamauga, 
Billy VanTyne was sick. I got leave from the Q. M. 
to go to the battery .for the battle. The captain gave 
me the guidon to carry when marching. After the 
skirmish of l:>th Sept., during which I carried it: it 
' was placed on a baggage wagon. After the battle of 
10th and 20th. I was too sick to tell a guidon from a 
ramrod; was sent bark to die.— didn't die. but was 
sent to battery again, norsaw theguidon afterwards. 
— T. D. Kanouse, 

We have now learned that while the debris of the 
battery were across the Tennessee at Chattanooga, 



69 

the starving- mules that were hitched to a battery 
wag-on eat up everything- they could reach, and the 
colors of the battery proving a delicate morsel for 
the famishing creatures came to an inglorious end 
then, and there. 

While we lay at Murfreesboro we received a news- 
paper denying the charge that England was supply- 
ing the rebels with munitions of war, asserting that 
the Christian sentiment of England would not allow 
it. Well we found on the battlefield of Stone River 
abundant evidence of the controversy, viz: Through 
empty ammunition boxes marked "Ludlow & Co.. 
Manchester, England" left by the rebels, and which 
we were pleased to use for fuel. 

We will conclude the reminiscent order with a 
portion of our Maj. W. J. Coll, urn's account so bril- 
liantly narrated at a banquet of the Army of the 
Cumberland, of a parttaken by him at the battle of 
Chattanooga. It is all is should be in characteriza- 
tion and comprehensiveness of description and we 
regret that we cannot quote more from its highly 
interesting pages: Maj. Colburn, was on duty on the 
staff of Gen. J. M. Krannan, chief of Art'y Army of 
the Cumberland, and was instructed to act as aide-de- 
camp during the impending battle. Maj. Colburn had 
organized a supply train from the 18 batteries com- 
posing the artillery reserve of the army. After a 
vivid detail of the groat struggle along a four mile 
front, over precipices 400 feet high, and of the magni- 
cent victory, he informs us that he Was ordered by 
(Jen. Brannan, to proceed at once to (Jens. Gordon, 
Granger, Wood, Sheridan and Baird.and nottfiv thorn 



70 

that he was sent to take charge of the captured guns. 
"I proceeded at once to Gen. Bragg's headquarters 
where I found Grander, Sheridan. Wood, Hazen and 
members of their staff, hilarious with joy at the suc- 
cess of the grand assault on the center by the gallant 
old Army of the Cumberland. I delivered my message 
winch was then and there confirmed and on behalf of 
the Army of the Cumberland I took charge of the 
captured artillery. It was ten o'clock that night 
before I completed my tour and was able to report to 
my chief that we had captured 40 pieces of artillery. 
The next day I commenced moving the captured guns, 
* * * and parked them in front of the headquarters of 
(Ten. Bran nan in Chattanooga. With this capture 
our army felt as though the evil fortune of our 
batteries at Chiekamauga had been retrieved, and 
what was of far greater moment to the national cause, 
we had secured Chattanooga forever to the Grand 
Republic." 



ROSTER 

THIRD BATTERY WISCONSIN 

LIGHT ARTILLERY 



ROSTER 3d BATTERY WISCONSIN LIGHT ARTILLERY 



Rank fi 
Sept. 6, 



C apt aw 

Lucius H. Drury 

Sr. 1st Lieutenant < 

Courtl'nd Livingston Sept. 6, 
Hiram F. Hubbard- Mar. 8, 



Jr. 1st Lieatenants 

James T. Furdy -•■ 
Henry Currier 



Sept. 6. 
Mar. 8. 



Sr. 2d Lieutenants 

Albert LeBrun . 
Yvebster J. Cclburn-- 



Joseph W. Waite ••• 

Sargeou 

Henry W.Cansdell. 

ENLISTED MEN 

Sergf-an ts 

Charles H. Clough 
Wil-iam H. William; 



61'Enl. Aug. 26. '91; wnd. Sept. 13, '63, on Cove 
road, Lafayette, Ga.; M. O. Oct. 10, '64; Maj. 
1st Wis. H. A., deceased. 



'61 Enl. Sept. 6, '61: res. Feb. 25, '64; deceased. 
64 Enl. Aug. 26, '61; Jr. 2d Lieut. Sept. 5, '61; 

1st Lieut. Aug. 19, '62; M.O.Oct. 10, - 64; 

term exp.; deceased. 



'61'Enl. Aug. 28, '61 : re;. Aug. 10. '52. 

'64 Enl. Sept. 6, '61. Sergt.. 1st Sergt.. Sr. 2d Lieut. 

i July 10, '62; M. O. Oct. 10, 64; term exp.; 

j address Concord, Minn. 



Sept. 6 
Mar. 8 



61 Enl. Aug. 26, '61 ; res. Nov. 16. 62; deceased. 

64 : Enl. Sept. 8, 61 ; Sergt. 1st Sergt., Jr. 2d Lieut. 

Aug. 19. '62; prom. Car:, and" A. Q. M.. U. S. 

Vol., Sept. 19. '64; Brevet Maj., Mar. 13. '65; 

I M. O. June 5. '66: address Chattanooga. Tenn. 

Oct. 6, '64;Enl. Aug. 26, '6 1 ; Vet. Corp. Sergt. 1st Sergt., 

I Jr. 2d Lieut.. Mar. 8. '64; M. O. July 3, 65; 

dead. 



Apr. 27, '62. Trans, to 1st Wis. Eattery Lt. Art; dead. 



Enlisted 



Sept. 4. 
Sept. 26 



Thos. S. Fessenden Nov. 10. 

WUlard A. Marshall'sept. 4. 
Harve> F. Billings... Se; t. 7, 
Edgar C. Brewster. Ser-t. 7. 

Gasherie E. Decker Sect. 1. 
Stephen M.Chapin-. Sept. 1 
John E. F-cst .. Oct. 1. 
John D. Galloway— Sept. 6, 

Zeph D. HoiienbeckjAug.27. 



-.Vet.: M. 0. July 3. '35: dead. 
'65jVet. Ord; M. O.July 3. 65; address Meadow 

| Valley, Wis. 
61 Vet.; wnd. Chickamauga: M. O. July 3. '65: ad^ 

dress Hurley. S. D. 
'61 Vet.; M. O. July 3. 65: address St. Louis. Mo. 
'61 Disch. '62. disability; dead. 
'61 Disch, from Camp Racine, disability; address Poy 

Sippi. Wis. 
'61 Wnd. Chickamauga; pris., died Andersonville.Ga. 
'61 M. O. Oct. 10. '64: term exp; dead. 
'61 Disch., disability, '62; dead. 
'6' Q. M.; M. O. Oct. 10, '64: term exp: address 

Oleander. Cal 
'61 Vet.; wnd. Stone River; disch. April 1, '65; 
1 dead. 



ROSTER :3d BATTERY WISCONSIN EIGHT ARTILLERY 



NAME ' 


DATE 


REMARKS 


Sergeants 


Enlisted 




Arza J. Nobie 


Sept. 1, 


'61 


Died of wnds. received at Chickamauga. 


Edward G. Ralph- 


Oct. 4, 


'61 


Disch. '62, disability; dead 


Horace H. Worden-- 


Sept. 4, 


'61 


Disch. '64. disability; dead. 


Aiden Woodbury.-.. 


Sept. 9, 


'61 


Ord. M. 0. Oct. 10, '64; term exp; address Me= 

chanic Falls, Mo. 


Alfred C.Woodworth 


Sept. 6, 


'6 1 


Disch. '62, disability; dead. 


James- A. Chapell ••• 


Aug.21, 


'61 


0. M. disch. '62, disability; address lllion, N. Y. 


Anthony W.Galloway 


Aug. 26. 


'61 


Vet., M. 0. July 3, '65; no abiding place. 


Theo. D. Kanouse- ■ 


Jan. 10, 


'63 


Trans, to V. R. C; M. 0. July 5, '65; address 
Glendale, Cal. 


CorpornJs 








Ira E. Smith 


Sept. 23, 


'61 


Vet., wnd. Chickamauga; M. 0. July 3. '65; 
address Dartford. Wis. 


Gilbert Armstrong. ■• 


Sept. 6. 


'61 


Vet.; M. O.July 3, '65; address Berlin, Wis. 


John I. Vedder 


Sept. 5. 


'61 


Vet.; M. O.July 3. '65; address Kanuck, Ark. 


Thomas Lambert... 


Sept. 6, 


'61 


Vet.; M. O.July 3. '65; address Ashton, S. Dak. 


Da 'id S. Bedal 


Sept. 7. 


'61 


Wnd. Chickamauga; M. 0. Oct. 10, '64; address 
Sioux City, Iowa. 


Benj. R. Billings 


Sept. 4, 


'61 


Disch. Aug., '62; disability; address Bushnell, 
S. Dak. 


Ariel Bliss 


Sept. 1 0. 


'61 


Disabled Chickamauga: M. 0. Oct. 10, '64; 
term exp.; address Whitehall, Mich. 


Orlando W. Davis ... 


Aug.30, 


'61 


M. 0. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; address LaCygne, 

Kan. 
M. 0. Oct. 10. '64; term exp.; wnd. at Chicka= 


John W. Fletcher.... 


Sept. 16, 


'61 








mauga: deceased. 


Edw. M. Kanouse •■• 


Sept. 3, 


'61 


Wnd. Chickamauga; M. 0. Oct. 10, '64; term 
exp.; address Wausau. Wis. 


Marcus M. Safford-- 


Sept. 1 3, 


'61 


Disch. Oct. 25, '62; disability; dead. 


Leonard J. Uiine.--' 


Sept. 5, 


'61 


Wnd. Stone River; pris. Chickamauga; died in 
rebel prison. 


William H. Wilson... 


Sept. 6, 


"61 


M. 0. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; address Mar= 
quette, Wis. 


Henry S. Uttley 


Aug.28, 


'61 


Wnd. Stone River; M. 0. Oct. 10. '64; term exp: 

address Creston, Iowa. 


Leweilen S. Walker 


Sept. 25, 


'61 


Disch. Apr. 5. '62; disability, address Plainfield, 

Wis. 
Wnd. Chickamauga: M. 0. July 3, '65: address 


Hiram H. G. Bradt-- 


Aug.30. 


•62 








Eureka. Wis. 


Privates 








George E. Albee 


Dec. 23. 


'63 


Prom. 2d Lieut.. 36 "Wis. Inf.; address New 
Haven, Conn. 


William Allen 


Sept. 7. 


'61 


Vet.; M. 0. July 3. '65; dead. 


John Anderson 


Jan. 6, 


'63 


M. 0. July 3. '65; no trace. 


James Austin 


Sept. 17, 


'62 


Wagoner; M. 0. July 3, '65: Ad. Waupaca; Wis. 



ROSTER .Id BATTERY WISCONSIN EIGHT ARTILLERY 



-. 



Daniel Bacon 

Henry S. 3acon ..... 

William S. Baker.... 

Joel B. Bates 

Esau Beaumont 

Russell H. Benedict 

Abel H. Bennett 

Benj. F. Eentley 

Edward Berg 

Nathan Best 

Franklin C. Billing: 

George A. Borst 

Miron L. Bowen 

Moses H. Bowen 

Wm. J. K. Bowen.. 
Thomas Boyle 

Joseph Breuling 

Alfred Brink 

Ames Brown 

David Bruce 

Albert C. Bryant--. 
Eugene Burr 



Sept. 2, 

I Sept. 2. 
iSsDt. 8, 
ISept.30, 
'Oct. 1, 
i Aug. 2 7, 
iNov. 25, 
iSept.22, 
!Aug.21. 
'Sept. 2, 
;Jan. 6, 
IJan. 1, 
iSept. 6 
! Sept. 6, 
Sept. 6, 
Oct. 4. 



Aug.27, 
Oct. 13, 
Sept. 7. 
Sept. 7. 
Sept. 3, 
Oct. 2. 
Harvey N. Burdick-jSept. 1 0, 



Samuel Eurdick 

James W. Carler. 
Edwin D. Case-..- 
T:tus B. Chapin 



ISept. 10, 

Sept. 13, 
Sept. 8, 
Sept. 1 6. 



John H. Chap.ill Aug. 28 

Alexander Clark Dec. 17 

Mortimer A. Clark- ..Sept. 3. 

Chas. M. Clough I Dec. 30, 

Benj. C. Cornwall... Sept.29, 
Daniel Cornwall .. . Oct. I, 
George R. Cowles Sept.20. 
Manning S. Cowles Sept.20, 
Martin T. Crandai!: Oct. 1. 

Maurice Crimming^; Aug. 27, 
Cassius M. C. Davis Dec, 28. 
Francisco H. Davis. Aug. 20. 



Trussel Davis 
Robison Dawson 
Walter W. Dean . 

haac Delaney 



-Sept. 10. 
[Oct 2. 
iSept. 1. 



Sept. 6, '6 



Died Hamburg, Term.; disease. 

Disch., disability, 1862; address Troutdale. Ore. 
iVet.; M. O. July 3, *65; address Split Rock, Wis. 
Vet; M. O. July 3. '65; address Troutdale, Ore. 
.M.O. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; Ad. Merton, Wis. 
|M. O. Oct. 10, '64; term exp. ;Ad. Syracuse, Kan.. 

Vet. Recruit; M. O. July 3. '65; no trace. 

Disch. '62, disability; address Oakland Ore. 

M. O. July 3, '65; dead. 
'Died Nashville. Tenn., '62. 

M. O. July 3, *65;dead. 

Vet.; M. O.July 3, '65. 
iDisch. '62; disability: dead 

M. O. Oct. 10. '64, term exp.; dead. 

M.O. Oct. 10. '64: term exp.; Ad. Chicago. III. 

Pris. Chickamauga; M. 0. Oct. 10, '64; term 
exp.: address Phoenix, Ari. 

M. O. Oct. 10. '64; term exp.; Ad. Story, Wis. 

M. O. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; Ad. Troutdale, Ore. 

Disch. '62, disability; dead. 

D'sch. '62, disability; dead. 

Died '63 in Ala.; disease. 
.Died disease in Miss, in '62. 

Disch. '62. disability: dead. 

Vet.; M. O.July 3, '65; address Viola, Minn. 

|M. O. Oct. 10, '64: term exp.; dead. 
Vet.; M. O. July 3. '65; address Milwaukee. Wis. 
IPris. at Chickamauga; died at Andersonville, 
I Ga.. '64. 

! Disch. '62. disability, dead. 
>M. O. Juiy 3, '65; address Verona, Wis. 
;Died Murfreesboro. Tenn. in '63, disease. 
|M. O. Juiy 3, '65; address Rochester, Minn. 
jM. O. Nov. 13. '64; term exp.; dead. 

Disch. '62. disability; dead. 
IDisch. '62. disability; died in a rebel prison. 

M. O Oct. 10, '64: term exp.; dead. 

Disch. Jan. 7. '63. disability; address Stevens 
Point, Wis. 

M. O. Oct. !0. '64; term exp.; Ad. Berlin. Wis 

Died Mad son, Wis , disease. '64. 

M. O. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; address LaCvgne 
Kan. 

Disch. '62. disability: dead. 

Disch.; no date: no trace. 

M. O. Oct. 10. '64; term exp.; address Traverse 
j City. M ch 
IVet.; M. O. July 3. '65; Ad. Eureka. Wis, 






ROSTER .'3d BATTERY WISCONSIN EIGHT ARTILLERY 



Moreau Dibble (Sept. 25, '61 !Died, disease, Murfreesboro, Tenn., 1863. 

Edward Downey iAug.27, .6! M. O. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; dead. 

Emmett Dunn jDec. 29, '63;M. O. July 3, '65; dead. 

James Dunlap (Sept. 2, '61 Vet.; M. 0. July 3, '65; dead. 

Harry Durham Sept. 12, '6 i Disch. '62, disability; no trace. 



William Earle 'Aug-. 27, 

Elbridg-e G. Eaton . Sept.20. 
Stafford R EdgertonSept. 6, 
William Edgerton Jr Jan. 1, 
Norrnon Eve'son • .^Dec. 2. 
William Everting. ...fSeptllS, 

Fayette Fuller I Aug. 14, 

Philip A. Field.- . Sept. 7. 
Patrick Fit* Patrick Sept. 1 0, 

Peter Foreman Sept. 2, 

Joseph Foster Sept. 2. 

Albert Frank Sept. 2. 

i 



Charles Galloway 
Asa C. Gardner . 
Darwin Gardner.. 
Julius Gordon •• • 
Daaiel Graham ., 
Geo. W. Griffin .... 
Pdul Guyon 



: Aug.26, 
Aug.18. 

Aug.21, 
Sept. 4. 
Dec. 24. 
Dec. 30, 
Sept. 6, 



'61 M. O. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; address Soldiers 

Home, Bath. N. Y. 
'61 iM. O. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.: Ad. Hetzel, Wis. 
'61 Died, disease, 1862. Savannah, Tenn. 
'62:Died. disease '62. Corinth, Miss. 
'63'M. O. July 3. '65, address Detroit. Mich. 
'61 M. O. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; dead. 

'62 M. O. July 3, '65; dead. 
'61 (Disch. '63. disability, dead. 
'61 (Deserted '62; address Mount Iron, Minn. 
'61! Vet.; M. O. July 3, '65; dead. 
'61 'Disch. '62, disability; dead. 
'61 Bugler: M. O. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; address 
Soldiers Home Milwaukee. Wis. 

'51 M. O. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; dead. 
'62 M. O. July 3, '65; address Aztaian, Wis. 
'62!No further record or trace. 
'61 jDisch.; disability '61 : no trace. 
'62 ! M. O. Jui> 3. '65; address Eagle River, Wis. 
'63 Yet. Recruit; M. O. July 3, '65: dead. 
'61 Pris. Chickamauga; M. O. Apr. 17, "65, address 
I Chippewa Fails, Wis. 



Edward Harroune-.- 
Silas S. Harrington 
Elijah N. Harvey •■ 
Thomas Hawley — 

Ansel Hayes 

Henry E. He's 

Lind'n A.Hildreth Jr 

Herman Hoag 

R. P. HoWnteck 

Hart an S. Howard 



Nov. 
Dec. 
Aug 
Aug 

Dec. 
Jan. 

Aug 
Oct. 
Jan. 
Aug 



Charles w Hubbard Sept. 6, 
David Hucfcard . Aug. 26. 
Richard H. N. Hugg Aug. 26. 
Charles A. Hunt ■■■• Oct. 20, 
Hamlin T. Hu. t .... Sept.20, 



Dennis S. Hurd 



Aug.21, '62 



M. O. July 3, '65; address Princeton, Wis. 

M. O. July 3. '65; no trace. 

M. O. July 3. '65; address Lake Mills. Wis. 

Pris. Chickamauga; died Andersonville, Ga., '64. 

M. O. July 3. '65: Ad. Boyceville. Wis. 

Pris. Chickamauga. died. Danville, Va., '64. 

M. O. July 3. '65; dead. 

Died. Corinth. Miss., disease. '62. 

M. O. July 3, '65; Ad. San Francisco. Cai. 

Pris. Chickamauga; M. O. Oct. 10. '64; address 

Maalson, Wis. 
Wnd. Chickamauga: disch., disability, dead. 
Vet.: M. O. July 3. '65; dead. 
Deserted '62: no trace. 
M. O. July 3. '65; address Beloit. Wis. 
M. O. Oct. 10, 64; term exp. ; address Hortom 

ville, Wis. 
M. O.July 3. '65: dead. 



ROSTER 3d BATTERY WISCONSIN EIGHT ARTILLERY 



Ebenezer G.Jackson !Aug.26, '61 [M. 0. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.: dead. 

George J. Jarvis Aug.29, '61 M. 0. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; address Fau!k= 

i ton, S. Dak. 
Orson F. Johnson. -Sept. 6. "61 M. O. Oct. 10. '64; term exp.; dead. 
John E.Jones Sept. 6, '61. M. O. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; address Stouts= 

! vilie, Mo. 

Alijah W. Kanouse-'Aug.24. '64 M. O. July 3, *65; address Appleton, Wis. 

Ira W. Kanouse ;Sept. 3, '61 Disch "62, disability; address Madison, Wis. 

Benj. W. Kennison-- ISept. 4. '61 Disc'-.. '62 disability; no trace. 
Albert H. Kimball... Nov. 9, '63 Vet Recruit; M. O. July 8, '65: dead. 
Geo-ge Knieriem.. -Aug. 17, '62 M. O. July 3, '65; Ad. Latourell Falls. Ore. 



Joseph Lamp Sept. 28, 

Miio Lang- Sept. 6, 

Henry C. Leaner Seot.13 

Joseph H. Lewis Sept. 4, 

George A. Lincoln Dec. 26. 
James H. Livingston Sept. 7. 
Norman Livingston. Oct. 2. 
Alfred Lounsbury... Sept. 4. 

James R. Luce Sept.13, 

William H. Luce ••• Sept. 13. 

Leonard W. Lusted Aug. 13. 

David Marshall. • Jan' 10. 
Oie W. Martin -Oct. 2. 

Lewis D. Massuere Jan. 1, 

Wm. A. McDonald. .'Jan. !, 

William Mclntyre •■-•Oct. 2. 

William McMahoon- ! Sept. 3. 

William J. Melvin- -jjune 13. 

Edward Mendeck , J Aug. 19, 

Robert M-lem .Sept. 8. 

ErastusC. Montague Sept. 5. 
John Moore . ... (Sept. 2. 

Henry A. Moore • ■■ Oct. 2, 

Isaac Newton Aug 20 

M lo Nichols Sept 1. 

Richard Noble Aug. 30. 



John O'Rile 



'■Aug 



'61 Disch., disability, '62; Ad. Princeton, Wis. 

'61 I Disch. '63, disability; dead. 

'61 Disch., disability, '62: Ad. Lee's Summit, Mo. 

'6 ! (M. O. Oct. 10, '64: term exp.; Ad. Chicago, 111. 

'53 M. O. July 3, '65; Ad. Cedar Rapids, iowa. 

'6 i Pris. Chickamauga, died in rebel prison. 

'61 Disch., disability '6! ; dead. 

'61 M. 0. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; address Browns= 

dale, Minn. 
'6l| Artificer; disch., disability, '62; address Ever= 

j ett, Wash, 
'6i;M O. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; address Oshkcsh, 

| Wis. 
'62 M. O. July 3, '65; address Bloomer, Wis. 

'63: Vet. Recruit: M. O. Juiv 3. '65; dead. 

'61 1 Vet.; M. O. July 3, '65: address 802 Vine & 

Willow St.. Mankato. Minn. 
62 Vet.; M. O. July 3. '65 Ad. Arcadia, Wis. 
'62 Vet.; M. O. July 3. '65; dead. 
'61 ! Diedin '62. 
'6 i Pris. at Chickamauga, died '64 in Anderson= 

: ville, Ga. 
'34 MO. July 3, '65: dead. 
'62 No further record, trace lost. 
'62 M. O. July 3. '65; dead. 
'6 1 M. O. Oct. 1 0, '64; term exp.; dead. 
'61 M. O. Oct. 10. '64; term exp.; address Charles 

City, iowa. 
'61 M. O. Oct. 10, '64; no trace. 

'62 M.O. July 3. '65: dead. 
'6! Deserted '61 . 

62, Trans, to V. R. C: disch. Jan. '65, disability; ad- 
dress Tomah. W ; s. 
"62'Disch '63. disabihey: dead. 



ROSTER 3d BATTERY WISCONSIN LIGHT ARTILLERY 



Joseph Ostrander-.-iOct. 1, 
John W. Ostrander Oct. 1, 
Jeremiah Ozmun-...jSept. 5, 

Heman B. Palmer. ; Sept. 2, 
Samuel Palmer JSept. 7, 
Sylvester Palmer-. .JSept. 2, 

Daniel C. Perkins.. Sept. 4. 
Albigence M. Pierce Sept. 1. 

Joe'. Piper Sept. 4, 

William Plackett... .Sept. 7, 

John W. Piedge • •-- Aug.27, 
Orlando E. Pause-- Sept.23, 

James Preston ;Sept.24, 

Eliphalet R. Quimby Sapt.22, 

Leonard F. Quimby. ;Sept.22, 

WiFiam W. Quimby. ;Sept.22, 



'61|Di5Ch. '61, disability; Ad. Plainfield, Wis. 
'6 I'M. 0. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; Ad. Chicago. 
'61iVet.; M. O.July 3. '65; Ad. Stephen, Minn. 



Daniel S. Randall 
James N. Rundel 



Oct. 3. 
Ncv.ll, 



Joseph C. Redmore Dec. 29, '63 



My-on T. Reece •- 
John J. Rhode - • 

Jeremiah Rode 

Daniel Room 

John Roberts 

Thomas Rundle. 

R^weii Sanborn-. 
William Sanborn - 
W Hiam M. Sawyer 
Maurice Scanlin-. 

Michael Scar.Iin ... 

John W. Selby 

Andrew Sheffield-- 
Loren Shumway . 
Charles Sickles .... 
Robert SiUabaugh 



Dec. 21, 
Oct. 13, 
Sept. 1. 
Sect. 4, 

! Dec. 30. 
jSept.25. 

! Sept. 14, 
Sept.21. 
Sect. 6, 
Sept. 12, 

Sept. 12, 

Sept.28. 
'Jan. 10, 
Feb. 27. 
iDec. 2, 
'Dec. 2. 



'61 ; Vet. .died '63, disease. 

'61 Died of wnds. received at Cnickarrauga. 

'61;Pris. Chickamauga; M. O. Oct. 1-0, '64; term 

i exp.; address Pleasant Prairie, Kan. 
'61'Disch. '63. disability, dead. 
"61 M. O. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; dead. 
'62 No record and no trace. 
'6! M. O. Oct. 10. '64; term exp.; address Sand 

'' Point. Idaho. 
'6l:Disch. '62, disability; Ad. Princeton, Idaho. 
'61 ! M. O.Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; address Ypsi= 
lanti. Mich. 

M. O. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; dead. 

31 M. O. Oct. 10. '64; term exp.; address Chatta= 
nooga. Tenn. 

31 M. O. Oct. 10. "64; term exp.; address Plain- 
field, Wis. 

31 Disch. '61, disability; Wis. 

'61 Died Savannah, Tenn., disease '62. 
'64 Vet. Recruit; M. 0. July 3. '65; address Santa 
Barbara, Cal. 
M. O.July 3, '65; Ad. Hull Province, Quebec, 
i Can. 
63JM. O. July 3. '65; Ad. Kansas Citv, Mo. 

61 Vet.; M. O. July 3. '65: Ad. Madison, Wis. 
62IM.O. July 3. '65: dead. 

'6l|Wnd. Stone River: Trans, to Miss, squadron; 
i address Lena. Wis. 

62 No record or trace. 

6 1 1 Vet. ; wnd. Ch ; ckamauga and Menasaw Mt.; M. 

| Q. July 3. '65; address Loda, 111. 
'6 1 ;D;sch. '63, disability: dead. 
'6 1 JDisch., disability; no date; dead. 
'61 :D:.ch . disab : ity '62; dead. 
'61 Wnd. Chickamauga; M 0. Oce. 10, '64; term 

: exp.: dead. 
'61 Wrid. Peach Tree Creek, Ga.; M. O. Oct. 10. 

i '64: term exp.; address Anott. Wis. 
'61 'Disch. '62: disability; dead. 
'63 M. O. July 3. '65; .dead. 
'64 f& O. July 3, '65: Ad. Pittsvilie. Wis. 
'63 Killed at Kenesaw Mt., Ga. '64. 
'63 : Ciaimed by 44th Ind. as deserter; dead. 



ROSTER 3d BATTERY WISCONSIN EIGHT ARTILLERY 




Henry M. Silsbee JDec. 23, 63 ! M. O. July 3, '65; no trace. 

Don C. Smith .{Sept. 6, '6 1 ; Artificer, M.O.Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; Ad. Den- 

1 ver, Colo. 

Edgar Smith iSept. 7. '61 Died disease Columbia, Tenn., '62. 

Aipheus F. SpoOr-.. Oct. 1, '61 :M. O. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; Ad. Jennings, La. 
Franklin G. Stanton; No record. No trace. 

Hasseli D.Stevens . [Sept. 7, '61. Died wnds. Crawfish Springs, Ga.,' '63. 
Leonard Stickney..-. Oct. 1, '61 i Disch. disability; Ad. Grana Haven, Mich. 
Rasseias R. StillwelL Nov. 16, '63 Wnd. disch. disability '65: Ad. Port Byron. N. Y. 
Chauncey R. Stone .Oct. 1, '61 Disch. '62, disability; Ad. Waterloo. Wis. 
Dana Strong Nov. 10, '61 Disch. disability '62; dead. 



Thomas Taimadge;Sept. 6, 
George TefwillagenNov. 1, 
Chauncey Tineman ;Dec. 29. 
John E. Tracey .... Sept. 12, 

Peter Tronson Sept. 6. 

Ivey W. Tubbs |Dec. 23, 

Almond Turnce ■ jOct. 2, 



61 Vet. M.O.July 3, '65; dead. 

"61 [Vet. M. 0. July 3, '65; Ad. Adams P. 0.. Wis. 

62 M. O. July 3, '65; Ad. Charies City, Iowa. 
61 Disch. "61. disability; dead. 

61 Vet. M. O. July 3, '65; Ad. Chippewa Falls, Wis. 

63 M. 0. July 3. '65; Ad. Erie, Pa. 
61 'Disch. disability, '63; dead. 



Albert Turck Nov. 25,'63;M, O. July 3, '65; Ad, Oshkosh, Wis. 

Adam W. Ulins Dec. 28. '63, M. O. July 3, '65; dead. 

Ssneca S. VanNess;Jan. 10. 
Abram Van Aernam Sept. 5, 

William VanOrnam j Aug. 30, 



Richard VanSlyke . 
William VanTyne ■• 
JohnH. VanWie ... 



Henry Washburn 
Joseph Waters .. 
Cyrus Weher 



'63 M. 0. July 3, '65: Ad. Gioversvilie, N. Y. 

'61 M O. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; Ad. Amboy. Minn. 

'61 M. O. Oct. 10, '64; term exo.: dead. 
Aug. 29, '62 M. O. July 3, '65; Ad. Lake Mills, Wis. 
Sept. 9. '6 1 Vet. M.O. July 3. '65; Ad. Michigan. 
Dec. 23. '65 Trans, to 6th Wis. Battery; M. O.July 3, '65; 

- i Ad. Dubuque, Iowa. 
Sept. 25, '61 [M. 0. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; Ad. Hancock. Wis. 

Oct. 2. '61 No record, discharged; Ad. Oasis. Wis. 

jSept. 7. '61 



Theodore West .... Sept. 1 . '62 
Alfred S. Weymouth Nov. 27. '63 

Alvin H. Weymouth Nov. 27, '63 
Henry A. Weymouth Nov. 1 0, '6 1 

Wellington White Oct. 2. '6 1 

Lewis D. Williams . : Sept. 2. '6' 
Louis T. w.„ w ... J °« g2 [;°" 
A'ex inder Wolcott Aug. 24, '62 
Ira Wyman Sept. 2. '6 1 



Vet. bugler. M. O. July 3, '65; Ad. Sherburne, 

Minn. 
Disch. disability, no dare: dead. 
M. O. July 3. '65; Ad. S. St. Paul, Minn. 
M. O. July 3. '65; dead. 
Wnd. Chickamauga, M. O. Oct. 10, '64: term ex= 

pired; Ad. Chrystal Lake, Minn. 
M. O. Oct. 10, '64; term exp.; Ad. LeweUan 

Neb. 
Vet. M. 0. July 3. '65; Ad. Madera. Call. 
Disch. disability, '62. 
Vet. recruit; disch. '63, disability; dead 
M. O.July 3, '95; dead. 
Disch., no date; dead. 



ROSTER :)d BATTERY WISCONSIN LIGHT ARTILLERY 



Franklin C. Youn? 



REMARKS 



Aug 12, '62 Trans, to V. R. C; ML 0. June, '65; dead. 



Jamas C. Young jAug.29, '62, M. 0. July 3, '65; dead. 



Original strength, 170. Gain by recruits in 1 863, 35; in 1 864, 32. Re-en- 
iistements, 33. Total. 270. Loss by death, 26; desertion, 3; transfer, 4. 
Discharged, 60. Mustered out, 177. 



MONUMENTAL MATTER 

The State of Wisconsin having appropriated £20,- 
000 for erecting monuments to its organizations that 
participated in the battled ofOhu-kamauga and others 
in that section, a commission was appointed by the 
governor to attend to the business generally. We 
here append the report of Commissioner Dr. E. M. 
Kanouse, a member of our battery, and wounded at 
Chickamauga. 

Report of State Commissioner representing the artil- 
lery service, from Wisconsin, for monuments in 
Chickamauga National Park: 

Your representative was appointed one of the 
commissioners by (low W. H. Upiiam in March, 1895, 
nnd went with the state commission to the Chieka- 
m antra hattletield tlie 22nd-29th of same month nnd 
assisted iu marking and fixing locations for the Wis- 
consin monuments. The position chosen for the3rd 
battery is where on Sept. 19th V>:> the battery was 
placed by the mat! side in a small open iield, (just 
after the battery was placed in the cornfield near the 
Viniaid house) ami where the battery did good 



82 

execution by its enfilading fire into Eongst reefs 
forces. There is also a marker placed on the ridge 
next to the timber line on the west edge of the Dyer 
field, where we lost five guns, thirty-five horses 
and fifty per cent of our men (26 out of 52) in killed, 
wounded and missing, on Sept. 20, '63. On April 21st, 
'95 we met in Milwaukee and made the selections of 
the nine monuments, and let contracts for their erec- 
tion — at the time of the dedication of Chickamauga 
Park all but three were in position; later the chair- 
man and secretary visited and approved them all. 
The state fixed its appropriation for this purpose at 
£20.000; Infantry and Cavalry monuments to be 
£1,700 each and Batteries to be $1,206 each. Your 
state commission did its work gratis — and turned 
over about £4.500 to the state, recommending its use 
in placing a monument on Missionary Ridge, com- 
memorative of the deeds and valor of Wisconsin 
troops at Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge and 
the Siege of Chattanooga. 

COKPL.. E. M. Ka.no LSK, 
Commissioner. 



The dedicatory services of the Wisconsin monu- 
ments occurring Sept. 28, 1895 were attended by M;ij. 
IV. J. Colburn, Ksau Beaumont, E. G. Eaton, R. R. 
Stihvt'll, A. Lounsbury. Thomas Bundle and Commis- 
sioner E. M. Kanouse,all membersof our battery. The 
ceremonies proved vevy interesting and of an impres- 
sive character. We append Comrade Beaumont's 
notes on the occasion. The inscription on the tablet 



83 

on the monument, which is a huge and elegant mar- 
ble cannon, is: 

3d Wis. Battery, 

3d Brigade 

3d Division 

2lst Army Corp 

Monument Showing the Position of Battery, 

Sept. 19th, p. m. 

at 

Battle Chickamauga, Sept. 19th and 20th, 1803. 

Casualties — 20 men and 5 guns. 



The services for the state of Wisconsin, were held 
at tiie foot of the monument to the 1st Reg. Wis. Inf. 
Onr monument is placed near the Viniard house, or 
rather southeast and across the road from the house, 
on the extreme right of the lighting line on the Lafay- 
ette road — the right or south end of tlie battleheld 
where we did such good work on the 19fch, or first 
day of the battle. If we had picked our position to 
enfilade the rebel line, we could not have done better, 
and from all f can learn we have full credit for doing 
our part at this point and doing it well. The posi- 
tion is correct; right where the battery stood, two 
ten-pound parrot guns flank the monument. They 
are not pointed in the direction of our fire, but more 
to the frv»nt; our lire was to the left oblique. The 
ground where our battery was captured is not so 
plain on account of the woods being cut off and the 
fields cleared. 

The house you enquire about is the Dyer House 



-*■, ^f^-**^*"'* **^ 



"^^npstf '^Zf?, - -< 







85 

and in his field the battery earao to grief. Dyer him- 
self is said to have acted as a rebel guide. 

The position is marked with a tablet as are the 
other batteries captured here. 

Esau Beaumont. 

Recently Mnj. W.J. Colburn writes as follows: "I 
visited onr Battery monument on the field where we 
fought the battle of Chickamauga, on Saturday Sept. 
19th, 1863, about two or three weeks ago, and it seems 
as though I enjoyed that visit more than any I have 
ever made to the battlefield. The position of the 
batteries are so accurate and the guns are so placed 
"in battery," that even a citizen who has never had 
any knowledge of a battle can go upon the battlefield 
and get a very good knowledge of the battle of 
Chickamauga." 

Inscription under picture of monument in Histor- 
ical Rooms, Madison: 

"This Battery, under command of First Lieut. 
Cortland Livingston, was engaged in the morning of 
Sept. li'th, 1863, in front of the Viniard House, until 
forced to retire, occupying and holding this position 
until night, successfully aiding in the repulse of the 
enemy's advance from Hall's ford to the Lafayette 
Road, north of Viniard House, by a fire on his flank. 
On the morning of the 20th, changed position to the 
hill north and west of the Dyer House. About 11:30 
a. m., was involved in the disaster from the enemy's 
charge through the Dyvr field, losing five guns, 
twenty-six men killed, wounded and missing, ('apt. 



86 

L. H. Drury was wounded Sept. loth, 18G3, near Lee 
and Gordon's Mill." 

(The above is a copy of the inscription Appearing 
on bronze plate on the reverse of the monument 
erected on the Chickamauga battlefield.) 

Esau Beaumont. 

To H. H. G. Bradt:-Replying to your valued favor 
of August 2.~th, regarding inscription on the marker 
in the Dyer Field. I have found that the only inscrip- 
tion on that marker is as follows: 

•'Third Wis. Battery. 11:30 a. m. Sept. 20, 1863." 
This is simply an inscription to show the location 
of the Battery at that hour which was the hour of 
Longstreet's charge through the Dyer Field. There 
is no monument or marker on the Lafayette Road, 
south of Lee & Gordon's Mill, designating the posi- 
tion of our battery when Capt. Drury was wounded. 

W. J. COLBUR.V 



ARMY CORRESPONDENCE AND NEWSPAPER EX- 
TRACTS. 

Extract taken from the Wisconsin State Journal 
(daily) of Wednesday, Oct. 29, 1862: 

drury's battery again. 

A correspondent of the New York Times writing of 
the pursuit of rhe rebels by General Van Cleave and 
others, thus speaks of Prury's 3rd Wis. Battery: 

"We were now, on the morning of the 13th, near 
Crab Orchard. We had now left the fertile blue grape 
regions of Kentucky, and had commenced the ascent 
of the rocky, sterile portions of the northeastern part 
of the state. Our march was commenced at an early 
hour. Heavy cannonading was heard to our left and 
it was supposed that the enemy were disputing the 
passage of MeCook and Hosseau, across the upper 
Dix river. The eleventh brigade led the advance of 
the entire corps. We had proceeded but one mile 
when the enemy again opened tire on us. In addition 
to their artillery, their musket tiring was very rapid 
and their bullets hissed and whizzed about our boys 
quite thickly. We were soon in line of battle. 



88 

Drury's Battery and Mueller's were soon in position, 
and the entire Eleventh brigade deployed by regiments 
ha skirmishers. Lively work was now had. The 
enemy was delaying our approach to Crab Orchard. 
The musket firing and the artillery duelling were con- 
tinued for some time. We killed three of the enemy 
and wounded several others. 

The rebels now retired and we entered Crab 
Orchard at ten o'clock a. m. We found the town 
literally plundered of everything. The citizens gave 
us a most hearty welcome; furnished our troops with 
fresh water and something to eat. As we entered the 
town the enemy, who had taken a position upon the 
hill opposite, opened their battery with terrible 
energy; some of their shots were fired with admirable 
precision. One shell went just over our head and 
penetrated a house — exploding in the house,— scatter- 
ing splinters in every direction. Our batteries were 
again advanced to position and our infantry thrown 
Into the woods. The accurately aimed shots of Capt. 
Drury soon silenced the enemy's guns, sending their 
artillerists and supports scampering across a glade 
to our right In hurried confusion. The musket tiring 
was more brisk than it had hitherto been, and our 
men were fearfully exposed to the enemy's tire. We 
finally drove them back. We lost one killed and two 
wounded. At Stanford we took twenty-one prison- 
ers, some in hospital and some while engaged in 
action. General Buell was at Crab Orchard and 
complacently remarked that "Bragg's army is mine.'* 
The remainder of the day was a succession of skirm- 
ishes and artillery duels, we driving the enemy before 



89 

us. We killed sixteen of the enemy, and took 
twenty-three prisoners. 

Extract from Wisconsin State Journal (daily) of 
Wednesday, Oct. 28, 1863: 

WISCONSIN SOLDIERS PRISONERS IN RICHMOND. 

Richmond Va., Sept. 30, 1863. 
Editors State Journal: — The fallowing is a list of 
the names of the 3rd Wis. Battery now prisoners in 
this place, captured on the 20th of this month: Sergt. 
G. Decker, Porp'I. L. J. Uline, H. Hess, Paul Guyon, 
James Livingston, T. Boyle, Titus Chapin, T. Haw- 
ley, Sylvester Palmer, William MCMahon, H. S. How- 
ard. Sergt. Decker is slightly wounded; all are well. 
You will please publish this, so our friends will know 
of our situation. 

Respectfully yours, 

H. S. Howard. 

Extract from Wisconsin State journal (daily) of 
Saturday, Nov. 14th, 1S'>J: 

FROM THIRD HATTER Y. 

Headquarters 3rd Wis. Battery ) 
Chattanooga, Tenn., Nov. 4, 1863. j 
Editors State Journal: — At an election held in 
this Battery yesterday, we polled sixty-two votes, 
all for the "Wisconsin (Jnioii Straight Ticket." We had 
only sixty-five men in camp, and three were minors. 
In your tri- weekly issue of Oct, 14th, 1 notice a report 
of the killed and wounded of the 3d Battery so full of 
errors that our friends would Hud it difficult to tell 
whether any of their relatives were injured or not. T 
annex a correct list. Died of wounds — Samuel B. 



90 

Palmer, Arza J. Noble, Hassel Stevens. Wounded 
— Sergt. John W. Fletcher, Corpl. Ira E. Smith, 
Corpl. Edward M. Kanouse, Sergt. Thomas S. Fess- 
enden, Corpl. Hiram H. G. Bradt, Corpl. David S. 
Bedal, Peter Foreman. Leonard W. Lusted, Ole \V. 
Martin, Thomas Rnndell, Henry A. Weymouth, 
Maurice Seanlan, Charles w. Hubbard. Missing — 
Sergt. Gasheire Decker, Corpl. Leonard J. Uline, 
Thomas Boyle, James Livingston, Sylvester Palmer, 
Paul Guyon, Harlan S. Howard, William McMahon, 
Henry E. Hess, Titus B. Ghapiii, Thomas Hawley. 
I am very respectfully your obedient servant, 

Hiram F. Hubbard, 
Inspector of Election. 

The following glowing account of the content- 
ment and efficiency of the artillerymen of the Badger 
Battery, is from an esteemed and reliable correspon- 
dent: 

Badger Battery \ 
Camp Utley, Oct. 1st, 1861J 

Dear Patriot: — At last we ''Badgers" are soldiers 
in the "grand army," being sworn into the service at 
4 o'clock this p. m. and a happier set of fellows you 
never saw than are our boys tonight. 

The battery is fully organized ami officered as 
follows: 

Captain— Lu If. Drury. 

1st Lieut. — Cortland Livingston; 2nd James T. 
Purely; 3d Ai LeBrun: 4th H. F. Hubbard. 

Q. M. Sergt.— J. A. Chapell. 

Serst. Maj.— A. C. Wood worth. 



91 

Staff Sergeants — J. A. Chapell, A. C. VVoodworth. 

1st Sergeant— Alden Woodbury. 

Sergeants — H. C. Currier, W. J. Colburn, A. W. 
Galloway, E. C. Brewster, H. F. Billings, J. D. Gal- 
loway. 

Corporals— Zeph D. Hollenbeck, W. A. Marshall, 
O. W. Davis, Gasherie Decker, Edward Downey, M. 
M. Safford, J. W. Waite, B. P. Billings, H. H. Vor- 
den, L. S. Walker. C. H. Clough, S. M. Chapin. 

We crack considerable on our organization, and 
think we are the buttery of the camp. Capt. Drury is 
the good fellow here he was at home, and he has the 
respect and regard of every man in the company. 
The lieutenants are all of the style we like, just the 
best of men, liked by all. 

Four other batteries are on the ground: Wash- 
ington, Capt. Hertzberg, 84 men; Beloit, Capt. Vallie, 
112 men; Monroe, Capt. Pinney, 16S men, and Buena 
Vista. Capt. Dill ion, 163 men. 

An artillery camp is a pretty sight, covering so 
much ground, and presents at nightT with all the 
tents lighted up, the appearance of quite an encamp- 
ment of active soldiery. 

We are looking for our horses and guns very soon, 
and hoping they will not be long away. We should 
be very happy to extend the hospitalities of our tents 
and mess house to our Madison friends and hope to 
see iiiauy of them while he>'e. Yours to the brim, 

James a. Chapkll. 

3rd Battery Wis. Artillery\ 

Camp tit fey, Nov. 23d, '61 f 

Dear Argus: — Now we are fairlv at work. A few 



92 

days since we received two complete batteries, con- 
sisting of two six-pounder guns, two rifled six-pound- 
ers and two twelve-pounder howitzers, all bronze, 
with extra caissons, forges, battery wagons, wheels 
and harness, &c, for each battery and about two 
and a half thousand rounds of solid shot, spherical 
case cannister and six and twelve-pounder shells for 
target practice. 

A selection of ground was made at a place on the 
prairie about four or five miles from the Camp, 
directly on the Racine and Mississippi R. R., a point 
where we could get a clear range long enough for our 
rifled guns for that practice, and another about a 
mile or so directly west of the Milwaukee and Chicago 
U. R. depot for howitzer and smooth bore cannon 
practice. At the first point an embankment was 
thrown up, something more than one hundred feet 
long, about twelve or fifteen feet high and nearly 
tw r enty feet thick.. The target was about ten or 
twelve feet square, with a sixth inch bulls eye and 
placed directly before tile embankment. 

The ground selected for the howitzer practice was 
on a gully, giving us a natural embankment of forty 
or fifty feet high on three sides, but only about a mile 
or a mile and a half range: far enough, Ijowever, for 
that kind of practice, and the most sheltered from 
danger of any that could be found. 

Thursday morning of last week, we, that is. bat- 
teries 1st, 2nd and Mrd, marched with four rified six- 
pounders, to the first target ground, but when there, 
our officers dare not venture a trial, fearing danger of 
casualties by shooting beyond the target, and we 



93 

were marched to the second place, a distance of about 
four miles, where we spent the afternoon in practic- 
ing on the short range, only about eleven hundred 
yards; too short to give the rifled gnnsa fair trial. It 
was well done; out of eighteen shots fired, sixteen hit 
the target and three the bulls-eye. Some of them 
ricochetted, strikingtheground two or three hundred 
yards short of the target, and then skipping along 
plumbed the target, and waked up the dust in the 
bank right merrily. It was splendid music to hear the 
whiz of the balls as they passed us. They are wicked 
things to shoot, I assure you. One of the balls that 
missed, struck a large stump in range, shivering it all 
to splinters. Another one struck the ground at the 
foot of the bluff, about ten yards short, and bounding 
buried itself in the top. The next day we tried the 
six-pounder guns, smooth bore, making some fair 
shots, I jim told. But there is a very great superior- 
ity in the shooting of the rifled ones; more than I had 
supposed. 

The next day, Saturday, the 3rd battery took the 
howitzers, practicing all day, shelling some miserable 
foe, I suppose. Their r;»ng* was from five hundred to 
nine hundred yards. Some of the shots were short,, 
some ricochetted. passing through the target; one, 
owing to a defect in the fuze, burst in the air at the 
distance of a couple of hundred yards from the gun, 
throwing the fragments of shell all about us, fortun- 
ately injuring no one. Most of them — in fact almost 
everyone — were effective shots, particularly well 
thrown for the first time. Many of the men never saw 
a shell. Since then we have added strength to the 



94 

embankment target on the prairie and we are now 
practicing there. I rode out there, Wednesday, to 
witeness the skill of batteries 5th, 6th and 7th. They 
were throwing six-pounder shells at a distauce of 
from eleven to fourteen hundred yards, and were doing 
well at that distance — the bulls eye is hardly percept- 
ible. The aim, however, is not to hit that, but to 
explode the shell directly over the target, which was 
done quite a number of times. 

For the last two or three days we have had no 
weather for practicing or drilling, and tonight we 
have winter inearnest. The storm is terrible and the 
cold winds from the lake on the one side and the prai- 
rie on the other, pierce us to the marrow. Fortun- 
ately forus. Quartermaster Douglas received four cases 
of overcoats today, and each company was the happy 
recipient of fifty, enough to do us some good. Our 
men suffer much for the want of mittens or gl.wes, or 
the money to buy them for themselves. It seems as 
though we should each be furnished with a good pair 
of leather gloves. Most certainly we must have some- 
thing of the kind, and now is the to do it. 

We have rumors of marching orders, some say to 
Indianapolis, some to Annapolis, some to Lexington. 
All we ask is to give us preparation just as soon ;is 
possible and then, "use us." \\'e want to show our 
friends that Wisconsin soldiers can handle the "great 
guns" as they can the smaller ones. More anon. 

Yours, &c, 
James A. Chai'kll. 

Camp Irvine, Louisville. Ky. \ 

Jan. 27th. 18U2. j 

Dear Patriot. — When I wrote you last f promised 



95 

my next from the C. S. A., and I spoke truly for here 
we are on the classical soil of ''Old Kentuck." We bid 
the good people of Racine adieu at noon of Thursday 
last, bringing with us our batteries of six guns each 
with all our equipments complete, caissons, harness, 
battery wagons, forges, &c, &c, and about ten or 
twelve hundred rounds of ammunition, making a 
train of seven passenger cars and sixteen freight, giv- 
ing us nearly a formidable appearance and attracting 
the utmost attention all along the route. 

We left Chicago at 9 o'clock p. m., via the Louis- 
ville, New Albany and Chicago R. R., making up in 
the morning thirty or forty allies below Michigan 
City. We made no considerable stop until we arrived 
at La Fayette, Indiana, a town of 10,000 or 12,000 
inhabitants, just beyond where the railway crosses 
the Wabash, where we halted for an hour for refresh- 
ments not the least of which was the transition from 
the hot. smoky atmosphere of the car to the clear, 
bright spring sun of one of the most pleasant of days. 
Don't let any of your readers question my meaning of 
the expression "spring sun" &c, 1 mean just what I 
say. 

We left Camp Utley under sixteen inches of snow, 
but a few miles below Michigan City it v as rarely 
seen and here at La Fayette all had vanished. I might 
have thought I was mistaken in it being so pleasant 
had Inot have noticed that alhioKt, withoutan excep- 
tion, the ladies wore shakers, hats or sunbounets, the 
surest indication, for you know they never mistake 
the season or the fashion. We were very kindly enter- 
tained here with hot coffee, «&e., and our hearts 



96 

strengthened by the words of cheer each had for us. 

At 9 at night we arrived at Bloomiugton, a town 
of about three thousand inhabitants, in the county of 
Monroe, Indiana. Here we were met with the heart- 
iest greeting of any place we had yet passed. We 
were expected at eight o'clock, and preparations had 
been made to give us a reception that would forever 
endear us to the good people there. I was standing 
at the door of the first car, making all calculation to 
have a nice cup of coffee, sure, and as soon as we 
came up to the platform, sprang off to treat resolu- 
tion, but I didn't go. Scarce had I opened the car door 
when my way was completely blocked with a crowd 
of ladies with baskets of every thing good, regular 
hoosier bread and biscuits, as they termed it, pies, 
cakes, &c,, and men with pails of hot coffee, baskets of 
apples, and a thousand and one things, not one but 
what done us good. I retreated of course. Who 
wouldn't have done so. It was our first real active 

engagement. "We met the and they were ours." 

Not content with rilling our arms with those kind of 
rations, they took down our haversacks and tilled 
them too, so that even now we have a visible 
reminder of our reception there. Didn't we cheer 
them for it, real Badger cheers, making the very hills 
about echo again with shouts, and weren't they real 
ones too, making ail hearts glad. Long life and pros- 
perity to them. May it be their fortune just as long 
as they live in our remembrance 'twill be till they are 
rich in a.11 this world affords. 

Just as the sun arose we caught the first glimpse 
of the Ohio and the high hills of the Kentucky shore. 



97 

Then we felt that we were coming near that wish of 
so many days that we would soon tread that ground 
we have so long and so often longed for. Not till 
night, however, did we leave the depot and cross the 
river. We attracted quite considerable interest in 
Louisville, but the people had seen so many of Uncle 
Sam's blue uniforms within the past four months that 
more was nothing but what might be expected. 

The Louisville Journal speaks in flattering terms 
of our appearance as being the best sized and the 
hardiest soldiers that have bejn here. We were quar- 
tered in a large tobacco warehouse. Saturday night 
and Sunday morning marched to our present camp, 
about four miles from town and hallowed the day in 
pitching our tents and making ourselves comfortable 
as the situation of tilings would permit of. The 
weather was delightful, the air as balmy as spring, 
the sun as bright — the roads fairly dusty, but this 
morning, oh horrors, we awoke with an inch or two 
of snow on the ground, about ten o'clock in the 
morning it began raining and tonight we are in mud 
of all depths, real Kentucky mud. 

I met our Harry Bingham and Dr. Dixon of the 
1st. Their regiment is encamped on Green Itiver 
about sixty-three miles from here. The 10th is near 
them. He gave a good account of the men, said their 
health was generally good, some cases of low fever 
among them. 

We have here in camp Co. F. Ohio artillery, Capt. 
Corcoran, 133 men,4riHed(>-pounders and 2 12-pounder 
howitzers; Co. M. Ohio artillery, Capt. Shoals, 140 men, 
4 rifled t>-pounders and 2 12-pounder howitzers; 



98 

The 8th Indiana. Capt. Cockrane, 140 men, 4 rifled 
and 2 smooth 6-pounders; 10th Indiana, Capt. Cox, 4 
parrot 12-pounders and 2 12-pounder howitzers; 1st 
Wisconsin. Capt. Foster, 150 men, 2 rifled 6-pounders, 
2 smooth 6-pounders and 2 12-pounder howitzers, and 
the Wisconsin 3rd, Capt. Drury, 158 men, 2 rifled 
6-pounders, 2 smooth 6-pounders and 2 12-pounder 
howitzers. 

In an adjoining camp is a company of regular 
artillery under command of Lieut. Parsons of the 
regular army; one of our own Madison boys — 110 men 
and 4 steel rifled guns carrying al2-pounder projectile, 
also some infantry encamped in the neighborhood. 

We left Racine, bringing with us the best wishes 
of the people there. The depot grounds were 
crowded with our friends to see us off and to give us 
their "Do your duty men." We shall not forget their 
last words soon, and we hope they may never blush, 
when the names of the 4, lst and 3rd*' are mentioned. 
We leave very many kind associations there and I 
wonder if some of our own Madison boys don't often 
think of pleasant hours they have passed off duty. 
Echo answer, wonder. But enough now — moresoon. 

Yours, 

James A. Chapkll. 

Camp Irvine, Louisville, Kv. \ 

Feb. 17th, 1862. J 

Dear Patriot:— We are all alive tonight with the 

wildcat of excitement ami joy at the reduction of Fort 

Donelson and the capture of the rebel Generals Duck- 

n»»r and Johnson with the forces under their command. 



99 

Heartily as you good people at home sympathize 
with the cause we all are laboring to support, ear- 
nestly as you may rejoice at our success, I wonder if 
you might see your sons here tonight, if you would 
not suspect our senses had taken a temporary depart- 
ure, and let the "'buffalo dance" passion reign 
supreme. It seems too good almost to credit. Begin- 
ning with the first forward movement of the Depart- 
ment of the Cumberland, the defeat of Zollicoffer, the 
reduction of Ft. Henry, the evacuation of Bowling 
Green, and now the last and thus far much the most 
brilliant event of the war, the reduction of Ft. Donel- 
son and the capture of a garrison of men intrenched 
in one of the strongest inland forts of our country. 

The Louisville Journal (Prentice) in speaking of 
its capture says: "It transcends in magnitude all the 
other conflicts of the war combined, startling as some 
of them have been," adding, "the battle and its 
results will be hailed as long as there shall be an 
American history, as an immortal evidence of the 
patriotic and even desperate valor of our country- 
men. The account of the closing scene has not yet 
come, but it will be wildly and deeply thrilling when it 
comes. It will stir the blood of feeble age, of vigor- 
ous manhood, of beautiful womanhood, and of inno- 
cent childhood." 

Fort Donelson is situated on the west bank of the 
Cumberland river, a few miles below the Tennessee 
line, nearly directly east and but a few miles distant 
from Ft. Henry, about a, hundred miles in a south- 
west direction from Bowling Green, and hardly that 
distance, almost as direct southeast from the rebel 



100 

stronghold, Columbus. It must have been a fight as 
desperate as the records of modern warefare often 
show. It was one of the strongest fortified points 
they held, their works extending some five miles on 
the outside. Deep trenches were dug all along in 
front of high embankments, large forest trees, thous- 
ands of them, fill entwined as they stood in the wood, 
were draged to a short distance in the front of the 
ditch, making a barrier entirely impassable to cavalry 
and almost as much so to infantry. Inside of the 
embankments were the rifle pits, concealing thous- 
ands of riflemen. Adding to this forty-eight pieces of 
light artillery, seventeen heavy seige guns, some of 
them 128-pounders, all defended by2.">,000 men fighting 
under the "blue flag" the murderous signal of "we 
give nor take quarter." and we can approximate to 
an idea of the labor and the glory of the victory. No 
wonder is it that we are rejoicing? Not us alone, 
though our camp is enveloped even now with a black 
dense cloud of powder smoke, our ears yet are almost 
deafened with the thunder of our salutes as we would 
fire first by battery, then by sections, then by guns, 
but all around u^ we hear the rapid booming of dis- 
tant salutes, as our friends take up the cry and pro- 
claim their rejoicings. And not forDonelson alone do 
we rejoice, but for the fact that secession here has 
received a blow that it nevtr can rally from with 
more tiiau a show of the courage of desperation. 
And this by western men! L almost wish tonight I 
was an Iliinoisan, that I might boast of their 8th, 9th, 
11th, bUh, 20th, 29th, mil, 8t«t, -k'.th, 4Sth and 49th 
regiments. It reads nobly for the Sucker State, that 



101 

they took the brunt of the charges, and suffered most 
severely. 

But of affairs with us. We are still at our first 
camp near Louisville, working hard, that we may 
soon have the fortune of doing our share of the work 
we are engaged in. We are delayed very much on 
account of having no horses to practice with. If we 
but had them, and properly trained, we think we 
might do some good at about the shortest possible 
notice. In our whole battery we have but about 
thirty battery horses, just enough for one section, 
(two guns) and some saddle horses. They are being 
purchased for us, and we are looking for the balance 
of them daily. ****** We have an addition of 
two or three companies, I think one each from Ohio, 
Indiana and Michigan, camping at Camp Gilbert, 
about half a mile from us in a neighboring field. The 
Wisconsin 1st and 3rd are all that are now left at 
Camp Irvine, we have intimations though that Camp 
Gilbert are ordered here. We hope so, for then we 
shall have company again. 

We are encamped on the Kentucky State Fair 
grounds, about four miles from Louisville, directly 
on the Louisville, Frankfort & Lexington Railroad, 
and the Louisville, Shelbyville & Frankfort Pike. 

In our immediate vicinity is the grave of Gen. 
Taylor, in a neat, plain vault, telling the visitor only 
the name of the illustrious sleeper, his age. &c 3 &c.: 
no long parade of his positions; his talents and his 
virtues. How much better so. As I stood with 
folded arms, gazing upon his sepulchre, I thought how 
much brighter appear the remembrances of his bril- 



102 

liant campaigns, how much purer the recollections of 
his virtues, how much dearer to our remembrances his 
life, than if his remains lay beneath the costliest slab 
of marble ever brought from Southern Europe. But a 
short distance from it is the birthplace of Major 
Robert Anderson, the hero of Sumpter, a beautiful 
brick mansion, one of the prettiest places it has been 
my fortune to see in a long time. 

I paid a visit a few days since to Du Font's celebra- 
ted artesian well, and was much interested in it. It is 
two thousand and eighty -six feet deep, and throws up 
a column of water to the heighth of one hundred and 
seventy feet above the surface, discharging three hun- 
dred and thirty thousand gallons of water every 
twenty-four hours. It is situated in the yard of a 
large paper mill, and was sunk for the purpose of 
obtaining a supply of clear water for the manufactur- 
ing purposes of the mill. As far as that is concerned 
it is a failure, for the water is very strongly mineral. 
It Is said to approximate nearer to the waters of the 
Blue Lick spring of this state than to any other in the 
United States. It does not taste to me very much 
unlike the waters of the Koch field and the Sharon 
Spa, New York. Their peculari ties are sulphates. It 
differs from theCongress, at Saratoga; in having none 
of that peculiar taste or sensation imparted by cor- 
bonie gas, ami having a much stronger sulphuric 
taste. It is claimed to possess many medicinal quali- 
ties and an effort is even being made to turn it to 
some account in that respect, and no doubt it will be 
successful. Yours, 

Jamks A. Chapkll. 



ADDENDUM. 

I* 

Of interest to the comrades is the following con- 
tributed by Comrade E. M. Kanouse: 

Number of miles by tramp, tramp, tramp, from 
last of March, 1862, to Jan. 2,1863, was 1,31)0— scouting 
raids not counted, this covers from Nashville to 
Savannah, Corinth, Columbia, Waynesboro, Pitts- 
burg Landing, Tuscnmbia, luka, Florence, Huntsville, 
Athens, Stevenson, Bridgeport, Battle ('reek. Jasper, 
Dechard, Tullahoma, Murfreesboro, La Vergne, Nash- 
ville: again. Bowling Green, Cave City. Munofords- 
ville, Elizabeth Town. West Point and Louisville, in 
four different states. Turning south at Louisville we 
passed through Perry ville. Crab Orchard, Mt. Vernon, 
Bards town, Danville, Scottsville, Somerset, Gallatin 
and Nashville, then to La Vergne and Murfreesboro, 
thence to Woodbury, Minnville, Jasper, Ringold, pass- 
ing Chattanooga and Rossville to Chick amauga and 
to CliAttanooga. Indirectness and individual marches 
by details on steamers, scouting and Atlantic cam- 
paign, with the march from Chattanooga to Murfrees-. 
v boro and back in 1S6-4, The first move made from 
Racine to Louisville and return to Madison would, if 
computed, we think, foot up in all to as many miles 
covered by any company hi the service. 

It has been stated that fifty-two men went into 
action on the guns on the 20th of Sept.; of these of the 
26 lost were eight non-commissioned officers out of 
nine present. 

It is interesting to note that the survivors of the 
battery, almost entirely occupy respectable positions 
in society, thelnrgest percent are farmers, then man- 
ufacturers, merchants, judges, doctors, lawyers, 
mechanics, legislators, mayors, postmasters, town 
officers ami business men complete the list. 

An association of survivors was organized in l s '.'<>. 
and reunions are held from time to time. 



Present officers of association are: J. W. Ostran- 
der, Chicago, 111., Pres.; 1st V. Pres., Ira E. Smith, 
Dartford, Wis.; 2d V. Pres., H. T. Hunt, Hortonville, 
Wis.; 3rd V. Pres., W. H. Williams, Meadow Valley, 
Wis.; Cyrus Weber, 4th V. Pros., Shesburne, Minn,; H. 
H. G. Bradt, Sec'y, Treas. and Historian. 

The 1st Tuesday in Sept., 1902, a reunion will be 
held at Dartford, Wis. 



ERRATA. 

Page 20, line 13 — "or" instead of "on." ._ 
Page 23, line 3 — "To which we," not "all." 
Page 24, near bottom— "commodious" instead of 
"Commodore." 

Page 38 — "Daniel" instead of "David" Robin. 
Page 30, line 14 — Penn. Bat., which is right on 
page 18, is now called 7th Penn. Bat. 

Page 50, 6th line from bottom — "Kenesaw" 
instead of "Hanesaw." 

Page 57, line 14— "1SB1" instead of "1S69." 
Page 57. line 24 — "considerably" instead of "princi- 
pally. 

Page 57, line — 25"L,unette" instead of "Lunate," 
Pages 9 and 63— "J.W. Heilman" instead of "J. W. 
Hindman." 

Paspe 69, line 11— "contrary" instead of "contro- 
versy." 

ROSTER CHANGES. 

Dead— Zeph D. Hollenbeck, Wellington White. 
Present Residence — Geo. A. Borst, Faribault, Minn. 
Wm. W. Quimby, Craig, Mo. 






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